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PURPOSE OF REVIEW Proper control of endothelial cell contacts is the basis for maintenance of the vascular barrier function. Loss of this function leads to leak of fluid and protein from the vasculature and extensive leaks cause shock and death. The endothelial barrier also controls the entry of leukocytes into tissue and it is believed that leukocytes(More)
To determine whether leukocytes need to open endothelial cell contacts during extravasation, we decided to generate mice with strongly stabilized endothelial junctions. To this end, we replaced VE-cadherin genetically by a VE-cadherin-α-catenin fusion construct. Such mice were completely resistant to the induction of vascular leaks by VEGF or histamine.(More)
Vascular endothelial protein tyrosine phosphatase (VE-PTP) is an endothelial-specific receptor-type tyrosine phosphatase that associates with Tie-2 and VE-cadherin. VE-PTP gene disruption leads to embryonic lethality, vascular remodeling defects, and enlargement of vascular structures in extraembryonic tissues. We show here that antibodies against the(More)
We have recently shown that vascular endothelial protein tyrosine phosphatase (VE-PTP), an endothelial membrane protein, associates with VE-cadherin and is required for optimal VE-cadherin function and endothelial cell contact integrity. The dissociation of VE-PTP from VE-cadherin is triggered by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and by the binding(More)
von Willebrand factor (VWF) is an important player in hemostasis but has also been suggested to promote inflammatory processes. Gene ablation of VWF causes a simultaneous defect in P-selectin expression making it difficult to identify VWF-specific functions. Therefore, we analyzed whether blocking antibodies against VWF would be able to interfere with(More)
GPBAR1 is a G protein-coupled receptor that is activated by certain bile acids and plays an important role in the regulation of bile acid synthesis, lipid metabolism, and energy homeostasis. Recent evidence suggests that GPBAR1 may also have important effects in reducing the inflammatory response through its expression on monocytes and macrophages. To(More)
von Willebrand factor (VWF) is an important player in hemostasis but has also been suggested to promote inflammatory processes. Gene ablation of VWF causes a simultaneous defect in P-selectin expression making it difficult to identify VWF-specific functions. Therefore, we analyzed whether blocking antibodies against VWF would be able to interfere with(More)
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