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Many physiological signals appear fractal, in having self-similarity over a large range of their power spectral densities. They are analogous to one of two classes of discretely sampled pure fractal time signals, fractional Gaussian noise (fGn) or fractional Brownian motion (fBm). The fGn series are the successive differences between elements of a fBm(More)
This review first gives an overview on the concept of fractal geometry with definitions and explanations of the most fundamental properties of fractal structures and processes like self-similarity, power law scaling relationship, scale invariance, scaling range and fractal dimensions. Having laid down the grounds of the basics in terminology and(More)
Analysis of task-evoked fMRI data ignores low frequency fluctuations (LFF) of the resting-state the BOLD signal, yet LFF of the spontaneous BOLD signal is crucial for analysis of resting-state connectivity maps. We characterized the LFF of resting-state BOLD signal at 11.7T in α-chloralose and domitor anesthetized rat brain and modeled the spontaneous(More)
We introduce the concept of spatial and temporal complexity with emphasis on how its fractal characterization for 1D, 2D or 3D hemodynamic brain signals can be carried out. Using high-resolution experimental data sets acquired in animal and human brain by noninvasive methods - such as laser Doppler flowmetry, laser speckle, near infrared, or functional(More)
Arborization pattern was studied in pial vascular networks by treating them as fractals. Rather than applying elaborate taxonomy assembled from measures from individual vessel segments and bifurcations arranged in their branching order, the authors' approach captured the structural details at once in high-resolution digital images processed for the skeleton(More)
The complexity of spontaneous cerebral blood volume (CBV) fluctuations can emerge from random, fractal, or chaotic processes. Our aims were to define the contribution of these patterns to the observed complexity and to evaluate the effect of age and gender on it. The total hemoglobin content as the measure of CBV was monitored by near-infrared spectroscopy(More)
This article will be positioned on our previous work demonstrating the importance of adhering to a carefully selected set of criteria when choosing the suitable method from those available ensuring its adequate performance when applied to real temporal signals, such as fMRI BOLD, to evaluate one important facet of their behavior, fractality. Earlier, we(More)
  • A Eke
  • 1982
A reflectometric indicator-dilution method has been developed for mapping the parenchymal minute volume flow and blood content over tiny superficial areas of the brain cortex at 625 or 2500 locations, respectively. About 0.4 ml dextran-saline solution was used as nondiffusible indicator and injected into the feline cerebral circulation for each measurement.(More)