Andrés Valdivieso

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OBJECTIVE To assess the real utility of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) in patients with cholangiocarcinoma, we need series with large numbers of cases and long follow-ups. The aim of this paper is to review the Spanish experience in OLT for hilar and peripheral cholangiocarcinoma and to try to identify the prognostic factors that could influence(More)
INTRODUCTION Expansion of donor criteria has become necessary with the increasing number of liver transplantation candidates, as aged donors who have been considered to yield marginal organs. METHODS Our database of 477 liver transplants (OLT) included 55 cases performed from donors at least 70 years old vs 422 with younger donors. We analyzed(More)
Controversy continues as to whether hypotension during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) impairs intraoperative and postoperative renal function. Therefore, 21 patients with normal renal function (plasma creatinine less than 1.2 mg/dL, creatinine clearance greater than 70 mL/min), aged 50 to 70 years, without associated pathology, scheduled for elective coronary(More)
The pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles of penbutolol were examined in healthy volunteers and in cancer patients using a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (pk/pd) model. After receiving a 40 mg single oral dose of penbutolol, the absorption rate constant, apparent volume of distribution and serum clearance of penbutolol were found to be reduced in(More)
BACKGROUND Pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMP) receptors play a key role in the early host response to viruses. In this work, we determined mRNA levels of two members of the Toll-like Receptors family, (TLR3 and TLR7) and the helicase RIG-I, all of three recognizing viral RNA products, in peripheral blood of healthy donors and hepatitis C virus(More)
OBJECTIVE Postoperative infection is considered one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality after liver transplantation. We prospectively studied the incidence and significance of infections in preservation solutions for liver transplantation. MATERIALS AND METHODS From March 2007 to March 2008, we cultured the University of Wisconsin(More)
According to current estimates, there are 60,000 to 80,000 HIV and HCV coinfected individuals in Spain, and 5,000 to 10,000 HIV and HBV coinfected individuals. Among these patients, 10% to 15% have liver cirrhosis. Thus, end-stage liver disease is one of the major causes of death in our country. Liver transplantation is the only therapeutic option for these(More)
Several recent open studies suggest that the response rates of lupus nephritis to intravenous (IV) cyclophosphamide are lower than those observed in clinical trials. One explanation could be ethnic differences; for example, black patients more frequently have treatment-resistant lupus nephritis. Another could be the inclusion of patients who are(More)
Hepatic venous outflow obstruction (HVOO) is a rare complication after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) usually related to technical issues or to malposition or kinking of the hepatic graft. When HVOO is diagnosed during the early post-transplant period, surgical options are technically very demanding and outcomes discouraging. Therefore, angioplasty(More)