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The essential yeast proteins Yra1 and Sub2 are messenger RNA export factors that have conserved counterparts in metazoans, designated Aly and UAP56, respectively. These factors couple the machineries that function in splicing and export of mRNA. Here we show that both Yra1 and Sub2 are stoichiometrically associated with the heterotetrameric THO complex,(More)
Transcription-induced recombination has been reported in all organisms from bacteria to mammals. We have shown previously that the yeast genes HPR1 and THO2 may be keys to the understanding of transcription-associated recombination, as they both affect transcription elongation and hyper-recombination in a concerted manner. Using a yeast strain that has the(More)
The THO complex is a multimeric factor containing four polypeptides, Tho2, Hpr1, Mft1 and Thp2. Mutations in any of the genes encoding THO confer impairment of transcription and a transcription-dependent hyper-recombination phenotype, suggesting that THO has a functional role in gene expression. Using an in vivo assay developed to study expression of long(More)
DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) are repaired by two principal mechanisms: non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) and homologous recombination (HR). HR is the most accurate DSB repair mechanism but is generally restricted to the S and G2 phases of the cell cycle, when DNA has been replicated and a sister chromatid is available as a repair template. By contrast,(More)
Genetic instability, a phenomenon relevant for developmentally regulated processes, cancer, and inherited disorders, can be induced by transcription. However, the mechanisms of transcription-associated genetic instability are not yet understood. Analysis of S. cerevisiae mutants of THO/TREX, a conserved eukaryotic protein complex functioning at the(More)
RNA:DNA hybrid structures known as R loops were thought to be rare byproducts of transcription. In the last decade, however, accumulating evidence has pointed to a new view in which R loops form more frequently, impacting transcription and threatening genome integrity as a source of chromosome fragility and a potential cause of disease. Not surprisingly,(More)
Molecular studies on double-strand break (DSB) repair in mitosis are usually performed with enzymatically induced DSBs, but spontaneous DSBs might arise because of replication failures, for example when replication encounters nicks. To study repair of replication-born DSBs, we defined a system in Saccharomyces cerevisiae for the induction of a site-specific(More)
THO/TREX is a conserved eukaryotic complex formed by the core THO complex plus proteins involved in mRNA metabolism and export such as Sub2 and Yra1. Mutations in any of the THO/TREX structural genes cause pleiotropic phenotypes such as transcription impairment, increased transcription-associated recombination, and mRNA export defects. To assay the(More)
Increasing evidences suggest that nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) control different aspects of nuclear metabolism, including transcription, nuclear organization, and DNA repair. We previously established that the Nup84 complex, a major NPC building block, is part of a genetic network involved in DNA repair. Here, we show that double-strand break (DSB)(More)