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BACKGROUND Upregulated by atheroprotective flow, the transcription factor Krüppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) is crucial for maintaining endothelial function. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding small RNAs that regulate gene expression at the posttranscriptional level. We examined the role of miRNAs, particularly miR-92a, in the atheroprotective flow-regulated KLF2.(More)
Vascular effects of estradiol are being investigated because there are controversies among clinical and experimental studies. DNA microarrays were used to investigate global gene expression patterns in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) exposed to 1 nmol/L estradiol for 24 hours. When compared to control, 187 genes were identified as(More)
Migration and proliferation of endothelial cells are involved in re-endothelialization and angiogenesis, two important cardiovascular processes that are increased in response to estrogens. RhoA, a small GTPase which controls multiple cellular processes, is involved in the control of cell migration and proliferation. Our aim was to study the role of RhoA on(More)
AIMS The formyl peptide receptor (FPR) subtype FPR2/ALX transduces pro-inflammatory responses and participates in the resolution of inflammation depending on activation. The aim of the present study was to unravel the role of FPR2/ALX signalling in atherosclerosis. METHODS AND RESULTS Expression of FPR2/ALX was analysed in 127 human carotid(More)
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide (NO) synthase. ADMA accumulation, mainly due to a decreased dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) activity, has been related to the development of cardiovascular diseases. We investigate whether estradiol prevents the changes induced by oxidized low density lipoprotein(More)
AIMS Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is the most common valvulopathy and is characterized by inflammation, extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling and calcification, causing a narrowing of the valve and the consequential obstruction of the cardiac outflow. Although intraleaflet haemorrhage is associated with AS progression, the mechanisms involved are not known.(More)
The benefit of aspirin is well established in cardiovascular prevention , and involves the irreversible inhibition of platelet cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and, as a consequence, decreased thromboxane levels [1]. In addition to inhibition of platelet aggregation, aspirin may also have anti-inflammatory properties, with potential additional benefit in(More)
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