Andrés González-Molina

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AIMS Proinflammatory cytokines are important mediators for the development of heart failure and increased plasma levels of these cytokines have been reported in patients with this condition. The purpose of the study was to investigate whether urine, a non-invasively obtained biological sample, was an appropriate medium in which to measure the concentration(More)
BACKGROUND Proinflammatory cytokines are important mediators in heart failure (HF). Recently, urinary levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) have been determined. AIMS The purpose of this study was to measure the urinary levels of TNF-alpha and IL-6 receptors, sTNF-RI, sTNF-RII, sIL-6R, and the relationship with plasma(More)
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