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This article provides an update on the current understanding of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the head and neck, including a review of its epidemiology, clinical behavior, pathology, molecular biology, diagnostic workup, treatment and prognosis. Adenoid cystic carcinoma is an uncommon salivary gland tumor that may arise in a wide variety of anatomical sites(More)
Metastasis to the thyroid gland from nonthyroid sites is an uncommon clinical presentation in surgical practice. The aim of this review was to assess its incidence management and outcomes. A literature review was performed to identify reports of metastases to the thyroid gland. Both clinical and autopsy series were included. Metastases to the gland may be(More)
With the current advances and recent organ preservation protocols for intermediate or advanced stage laryngeal cancer, based on chemotherapy, the role of surgery seemed replaced except for surgical rescue of tumours not responding to these treatments, total laryngectomy being the surgical option. This type of non-surgical treatment is offered as a strategy(More)
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), or its variation known as laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR), has been recognized as a potential cause of several laryngeal disorders. Patients with laryngeal cancer have lifestyle risk factors, especially tobacco and alcohol consumption, that play an etiological role in the development of their cancer but also places(More)
Clinicopathological features, prognosis and therapeutic strategies for mucoepidermoid carcinoma originating in salivary and salivary-type glands of the head and neck are reviewed. We emphasise histopathological aspects, appraise the value of histochemistry, electron microscopy, immunohistochemistry and cytophotometry, and discuss histogenesis and(More)
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC) is among the most common malignant tumors of the salivary glands. It is characterized by a prolonged clinical course, with frequent local recurrences, late onset of metastases and fatal outcome. High-grade transformation (HGT) is an uncommon phenomenon among salivary carcinomas and is associated with increased tumor(More)
BACKGROUND The recognition of patients at high risk for the development of distant metastasis (DM) is required to recognize a subset of patients who may benefit from systemic therapy. METHODS In a retrospective analysis of patients treated between 1995 and 2006, 443 patients with surgically treated primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma were(More)
Amyloid goiter is a rare condition characterized by a diffuse enlargement of the thyroid gland due to amyloid deposition. Extremely uncommon is the development of differentiated carcinomas within this type of lesion. We describe to our knowledge the sixth case of a papillary thyroid carcinoma within an amyloid goiter, arising in a 45-year old woman with(More)
Gastroesophageal reflux disease can present with a wide variety of extraesophageal symptoms. In particular, the type of disease characterized predominately by laryngopharyngeal reflux may be difficult to diagnose because of the absence of regurgitation or heartburn. The available battery of diagnostic tools is often insufficient to confirm a diagnosis of(More)
We present the case of a 52-year-old female born in the Sahara, who came to emergency services because of a cervical mass that had been growing progressively for the past 7 months (Fig. 1A). The patient presented moderate-effort dyspnea and dysphagia, without fever. Relevant personal antecedents included intervention for multinodular goiter a year earlier(More)