Andrés Alcover

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Vav proteins are evolutionarily conserved from nematodes to mammals and play a pivotal role in many aspects of cellular signaling, coupling cell surface receptors to various effectors functions. In mammals, there are three family members; Vav1 is specifically expressed in the hematopoietic system, whereas Vav2 and Vav3 are more ubiquitously expressed. Vav(More)
Human T cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a lymphotropic retrovirus whose cell-to-cell transmission requires cell contacts. HTLV-1-infected T lymphocytes form 'virological synapses', but the mechanism of HTLV-1 transmission remains poorly understood. We show here that HTLV-1-infected T lymphocytes transiently store viral particles as carbohydrate-rich(More)
Dynamic interactions between membrane and cytoskeleton components are crucial for T cell antigen recognition and subsequent cellular activation. We report here that the membrane-microfilament linker ezrin plays an important role in these processes. First, ezrin relocalizes to the contact area between T cells and stimulatory antigen-presenting cells (APCs),(More)
The mechanism by which T cell antigen receptors (TCR) accumulate at the immunological synapse has not been fully elucidated. Since TCRs are continuously internalized and recycled back to the cell surface, we investigated the role of polarized recycling in TCR targeting to the immunological synapse. We show here that the recycling endosomal compartment of T(More)
Antigen-independent adhesive interactions between T lymphocytes and antigen-presenting cells (APCs) are essential for scanning for specific antigens on the APC surface and for initiating the immune response. Here we show, through time-lapse imaging of live cells, that the intercellular adhesion molecule 3 (ICAM-3, also known as CD50) is clustered(More)
HIV efficiently spreads in lymphocytes, likely through virological synapses (VSs). These cell-cell junctions share some characteristics with immunological synapses, but cellular proteins required for their constitution remain poorly characterized. We have examined here the role of ZAP-70, a key kinase regulating T-cell activation and immunological synapse(More)
The T-cell antigen receptor (TcR) complex present on most T-cells is formed by a clone-specific disulfide-linked alpha/beta heterodimer noncovalently associated to the CD3 complex, the latter composed of five invariant polypeptides: gamma, delta, epsilon, zeta/zeta, or zeta/eta. The presence of conserved, oppositely charged, amino acids in the predicted(More)
Downregulation of the TCR complex is believed to be intimately tied to T cell activation, allowing serial triggering of receptors and desensitization of stimulated cells. We studied transfected and transgenic T cells expressing CD3zeta chimeras to demonstrate that ligand engagement of the TCR or chimeras causes comodulation of nonengaged receptors.(More)
HIV-1-infected lymphocytes improperly respond to T cell antigen receptor (TCR) stimulation. To document this phenomenon, we studied the capacity of HIV-1-infected lymphocytes to form immunological synapses. We show here that HIV-1-infected T cells poorly conjugated with antigen-presenting cells, and when they formed conjugates, the synapses were abnormal.(More)
T cell activation by peptide/MHC complexes, superantigens, or mAbs induces the down-regulation of cell surface TCRs. We addressed the question of whether TCR down-modulation affects only TCRs that had directly interacted with their ligand or whether down-modulation could also affect TCRs that had not interacted with their ligand. To this end, we generated T(More)