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Olfaction plays a fundamental role in feeding behavior, but changes in olfactory acuity according to feeding states have never been precisely demonstrated in animals. The present study assesses the olfactory detection performance of fasted or satiated rats placed under a strictly controlled food-intake regimen. We did this using a conditioned odor aversion(More)
Numerous peripheral and hypothalamic peptides control food intake. Among these signals are orexin, an orexigenic molecule released into the olfactory bulb by centrifugal hypothalamic fibres and leptin, an anorexigenic molecule that is released peripherally and can pass through the blood-brain barrier. In the present study, we injected either orexin or(More)
Copper at low doses is known to specifically induce olfactory neuron death in fish olfactory epithelium. Using light and electron transmission microscopy, we have investigated the features and the time-course of receptor cell death in rainbow trout exposed for 15 days to 20 mug Cu(2+)/l. Ultrastructural observations demonstrate that degenerating cells,(More)
Using immunocytochemical methods, we have examined extensively the spatial and temporal patterns of expression of three extracellular matrix molecules-laminin, fibronectin, and type IV collagen-in the embryonic, postnatal (days 2 and 11) and adult rat olfactory system. The study started at embryonic day 14 when olfactory fibres and their associated(More)
The Zucker fa/fa rat has been widely used as an animal model to study obesity, since it recapitulates most of its behavioral and metabolic dysfunctions, such as hyperphagia, hyperglycemia and insulin resistance. Although it is well established that olfaction is under nutritional and hormonal influences, little is known about the impact of metabolic(More)
Kallmann syndrome is a developmental disease characterized by gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) deficiency and olfactory bulb hypoplasia. The gene underlying the X chromosome-linked form, KAL-1, has been identified for several years, yet the pathogenesis of the disease is not understood. By immunohistofluorescence and immunoelectron microscopy, we(More)
Recently published work and emerging research efforts have suggested that the olfactory system is intimately linked with the endocrine systems that regulate or modify energy balance. Although much attention has been focused on the parallels between taste transduction and neuroendocrine controls of digestion due to the novel discovery of taste receptors and(More)
Topographically localized over-expression of the human Bcl-2 protein in retinal glial Müller cells of a transgenic mice (line 71) leads to early postnatal apoptotic Müller cell death and retinal degeneration. Morphological, immunohistological and confocal laser microscopic examination of transgenic and wild-type retinas were achieved on paraffin retinal(More)
Insulin is involved in multiple regulatory mechanisms, including body weight and food intake, and plays a critical role in metabolic disorders such as obesity and diabetes. An increasing body of evidence indicates that insulin is also involved in the modulation of olfactory function. The olfactory bulb (OB) contains the highest level of insulin and insulin(More)
This study investigated the effects of a chronic exposure to a low level of copper on cell populations of the olfactory system in yearling rainbow trout. Fish were sacrificed after 15, 30 and 60 days of copper exposure. Transmission electron microscopy was used to describe the sequence of subcellular changes occurring in three tissues, the sensory(More)