Andrée Gruslin

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Epidermal growth factor (EGF) is present in the maternal-fetal environment and has an important role in placental development. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression/activation is a pre-requisite in extravillous trophoblast invasion. Whereas EGF up-regulates MMP-9 activity in a variety of cell types, there is no direct evidence for the stimulation of(More)
Fetal growth restriction (intrauterine growth restriction, IUGR) is a leading cause of perinatal mortality. However, the causes of aberrant development of the placenta and, thus, of the fetus, are not currently known. Insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) has been shown to be an important regulator of fetoplacental growth. This growth factor must undergo(More)
BACKGROUND Pre-eclampsia is a leading cause of maternal deaths. These deaths mainly result from eclampsia, uncontrolled hypertension, or systemic inflammation. We developed and validated the fullPIERS model with the aim of identifying the risk of fatal or life-threatening complications in women with pre-eclampsia within 48 h of hospital admission for the(More)
Adequate extravillous trophoblast (EVT) invasion is an essential step for placental formation. The aim of this study was to examine the possible role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling in epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced EVT migration and to determine if the 70 kDa ribosomal S6 kinase (p70S6K)(More)
Maternal obesity is associated with increased risks of pregnancy complications. Excessive fat mass, common to obese women, has the potential to influence production and secretion of adipose tissue derived proteins called adipokines. The adipokine leptin is involved in the regulation of multiple aspects of maternal metabolic homeostasis. In addition, leptin(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the effects of obesity on reproduction and pregnancy outcome. METHODS A search of the literature was performed using key word searching and citation snowballing to identify English language articles published between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2006, on the subject of obesity and its effects on pregnancy. Once the articles were(More)
OBJECTIVE Misclassification of body mass index (BMI) by pregnant women could be a significant barrier to minimizing weight-related adverse pregnancy outcomes and improving the short- and long-term health of mother and child. The primary objective in this study was to determine the proportion of a group of pregnant women who were able to correctly classify(More)
Background. Serum lipids including total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) are increased in pregnancy. Serum proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin 9 (PCSK9) is a significant player in lipoprotein metabolism. Circulating PCSK9 downregulates the LDL receptor on the surface of the liver, inhibiting clearance(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the influence of maternal smoking on fetal erythropoietin concentrations in health term pregnancies and test the correlation between cotinine, a biomarker of maternal smoking, and erythropoietin levels in fetuses. METHODS We invited women with healthy term pregnancies to participate in the study, excluding those with conditions(More)
Members of the transforming growth factor (TGF) beta family play critical roles in regulating placental functions. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based strategies, we have cloned four transcripts encoding full-length activin receptor-like kinase 7 (ALK7) and three novel ALK7 isoforms from the human placenta. The full-length ALK7 has 493 amino acids(More)