Andrée Dusserre

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Prostate brachytherapy involves implanting radioactive seeds (I125 for instance) permanently in the gland for the treatment of localized prostate cancers, e.g., cT1c-T2a N0 M0 with good prognostic factors. Treatment planning and seed implanting are most often based on the intensive use of transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) imaging. This is not easy because(More)
INTRODUCTION A dry run of a clinical trial (EORTC 22911) is presented in which 12 centres have participated. These are the centres which have contributed the largest number of patients to the trial. MATERIAL AND METHODS Each participating centre received data from a suitable patient. Investigators were asked to plan and 'treat' the patient according to(More)
The aim of conformal radiotherapy is to deliver, with high precision, a specific dose (which may be a high dose) to a planning target volume, concurrently with irradiating as little as possible healthy tissue and organs at risk. Radiation therapy may suffer from a number of problems that result in both over- or under-sizing the irradiation fields, making(More)
Surgery on the prostate and kidney, and other soft organs and tissues, is aided by robots that perform procedures such as needle positioning and insertion. ABSTRACT | Until recently, computer-aided medical interventions (CAMI) and medical robotics have focused on rigid and nondeformable anatomical structures. Nowadays, special attention is paid to soft(More)
PURPOSE The EORTC trial 22961, opened in 1997, was designed to investigate the optimal combination of hormonal adjuvant treatment by LHRH analogue and radiation therapy for the management of locally advanced prostate cancer. A dummy run was established to assess centre compliance to the radiotherapy protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS Medical and anatomical(More)
The results of a dummy run involving nine centers participating in a study comparing radiotherapy alone with radiotherapy plus hormone therapy in patients with high metastatic risk prostatic cancer (EORTC protocol 22863) show that, in all centers but one, patients are treated in the same way. However, they have also indicated that protocol compliance could(More)
We have developed a technique for inverse treatment planning of prostate therapy designed to improve the degree of conformation between the dose distribution and the target volume. We compared the inverse plan with a "standard" four-field box technique as well as a four-field technique using oblique fields ("cross technique"). We validated the dosimetry of(More)
The authors describe the different steps of 3-D conformal external irradiation. They mention as well two procedures of isocentric repositioning which are mandatory for the matching of anatomical data: the first one is acquired before the simulation and the second one just before the radiotherapy session.
Contention shells are frequently used in radiotherapy. They allow improvements in the reproducibility of treatments and take part in quality assurance. The aim of our survey is to establish how centers use contention masks. Ninety-five percent of the centers questioned use contention masks. The fixation device is in most cases made of Plexiglas. The masks(More)