Andréa Mendonça

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UNLABELLED Catamenial epileptics show particular vulnerability to seizures during menstruation and at the time of ovulation, when circulating estradiol (E(2))/progesterone (P(4)) ratios are high. The present study tested the hypothesis that alterations in neuronal excitability induced by E(2) and P(4) affect thresholds and the development of secondary(More)
PURPOSE Fat is the major component of the ketogenic diet (KD), yet no studies have examined whether the type of fat used in the diet can be optimized to provide additional benefits. The purpose of the present experiments was to compare the efficiency of different fats in inducing ketosis and affording seizure resistance. METHODS The effects of KDs that(More)
Male Wistar rat pups were weaned at 20 days of age and placed on either a control diet or a ketogenic diet containing medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oil. After 10 days on the diets, they were subjected to one of four seizure tests-maximal electric shock, threshold electroconvulsive shock, threshold pentylenetetrazol, or maximal pentylenetetrazol. After(More)
How seizures arise and recur in epilepsy is unknown. Recent genetic, pharmacological and electrophysiological data indicate a significant but undisclosed role for voltage-dependent calcium channels. Since the contribution such channels make to nerve function reflects the targeting of discrete subtypes to distinct cellular regions, we hypothesized that(More)
During pregnancy, the maternal body undergoes significant physiological changes. The present study assessed the changes on calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), magnesium (Mg), sodium (Na) and potassium (K) metabolism in singleton and twin-pregnant dairy goats. The 42 goats used (49.5 kg±7.6 body weight [BW]) were assigned at random to treatments that were(More)
Little is known about human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) distribution in Brazil. We used indirect immunofluorescence serological assays to determine HHV-8 seroprevalence in two Amerindian tribes from the Amazon region, and blood donors and Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) patients from the Campinas/SP (Southeastern region). Anti-HHV-8 antibodies were detected in 56.8% of the(More)
The effect of l-deprenyl on longevity was examined in male Fischer rats. Subcutaneous injections of either l-deprenyl (0.25 mg/kg) or saline were given every other day starting at 23 to 25 months of age. The deprenyl-treated animals showed a significant increase in both mean and maximum survival. The differences were largest in the longest surviving(More)
Electroconvulsive shock (ECS) seizures provide an animal analog of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Repeated ECS seizures cause a long-lasting, and perhaps permanent, enhancement of entorhinal-dentate evoked potentials (EPs) in the rat. Recently it has been reported that ketamine protects against ECS-induced EP enhancement. The present study was designed to(More)
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is widely used as a treatment for drug-resistant depression. The animal analogue of ECT is electroconvulsive shock (ECS) seizures. We have recently shown that repeated ECS seizures cause a long-lasting, perhaps permanent, enhancement in entorhinal-dentate evoked potentials in the rat. Our study, however, involved 'unmodified'(More)
The mechanisms underlying epilepsy are largely unknown. Recent genetic, pharmacological and electrophysiological data indicate a significant, but poorly understood, role for voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs). Since the contribution of ion channels to nerve function depends on their cell surface distribution, we hypothesized that epilepsy might(More)