Andréa Gurgel Batista Leite

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BACKGROUND Nucleoside/nucleotide analogue (NA) treatment causes selection pressure for HBV strains carrying mutations conferring NA resistance. Drug-resistance mutations occur in the reverse transcriptase (RT) region of the HBV polymerase gene and spontaneously arise during viral replication. These mutations can also alter the hepatitis B surface (HBs)(More)
Neurological dysfunction as the first manifestation of AIDS has been found in 10 to 20% of symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus infections. However, stroke has rarely been reported in AIDS patients. The most common causes of cerebral infarction in AIDS are central nervous system infections: toxoplasmosis, cryptococcal meningitis and tuberculosis.(More)
BACKGROUND HCV has a high replication rate and a lack of proofreading activity, leading to a greatly diverse viral population. This diversity may lead to emergence of resistant strains in direct-acting antiviral therapy. The frequency of naturally occurring HCV protease inhibitor (PI) mutations has been addressed in many countries, but there are few data on(More)
Neurological complications represent one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with HIV/AIDS. However, peripheral neuropathy comprises only 5% to 20% of the total neurological complications and facial nerve palsy, especially when it is bilateral, is a less common manifestation. Peripheral facial palsy has been considered as a(More)
Several studies have demonstrated that HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV)-coinfected patients experience more rapid fibrosis progression. In this study, to estimate the annual rate of direct liver fibrosis progression, we used analyses of paired biopsy samples from HIV/HCV-coinfected patients without prior treatment of hepatitis and assessed the possible(More)
BACKGROUND HBV-HIV co-infection is associated with an increased liver-related morbidity and mortality. However, little is known about the natural history of chronic hepatitis B in HIV-infected individuals under highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) receiving at least one of the two drugs that also affect HBV (TDF and LAM). Information about HBeAg(More)
Resistance-associated variants (RAVs) represent a challenge to the success of new HCV therapies. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of naturally occurring NS5B RAVs in Brazilian direct acting antivirals (DAA)-naïve patients infected with HCV genotype 1, or co-infected with HIV. Patient enrollment and sample collection were performed(More)
Spontaneously occurring resistance may impair the success of protease inhibitors based regimens in HCV treatment. This study aimed to evaluate associations between amino acid substitutions in NS3/NS4A domain and clinical features of 247 HCV mono or HCV/HIV co-infected patients. Fourteen samples (5.7%) harbored at least one resistance-associated substitution(More)
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