André W. Schram

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Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) causes significant economic losses in the commercial culture of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Culture practices and introgression of natural sources of resistance to TSWV have only been marginally effective in controlling the TSWV disease. Recently however, high levels of protection against TSWV have been obtained(More)
In the present paper two siblings are presented with clinical manifestations very similar to those of patients affected by neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy. In contrast to neonatal adrenoleukodystrophy patients, hepatic peroxisomes in these siblings were enlarged in size and not decreased in number. Accumulation of very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFA) was(More)
We have used complementation analysis after somatic cell fusion to investigate the genetic relationships among various genetic diseases in humans in which there is a simultaneous impairment of several peroxisomal functions. The activity of acyl-coenzyme A:dihydroxyacetonephosphate acyltransferase, which is deficient in these diseases, was used as an index(More)
A method was developed to prepare peroxisome-enriched fractions depleted of microsomes and mitochondria from cultured skin fibroblasts. The method consists of differential centrifugation of a postnuclear supernatant followed by density gradient centrifugation on a discontinuous Metrizamide gradient. The activity of hexacosanoyl-CoA synthetase was(More)
Acid sphingomyelinase (sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase, EC 3.1.4.12) was purified from human urine in the presence of 0.1% Nonidet P-40. The activity could be enriched 23,000-fold by sequential chromatography on octyl-Sepharose, concanavalin A-Sepharose, blue Sepharose and DEAE-cellulose. The last purification step yielded an enzyme preparation with a(More)
Petunia hybrida mutants, homozygous recessive for one of the genes An1, An2, An6, or An9 do not show anthocyanin synthesis in in vitro complementation experiments per se (see also Kho et al. 1977). Extracts of flowers of these mutants all provoke anthocyanin synthesis in isolated petals of an an3an3 mutant. Mutants homozygous recessive for one of the genes(More)
The Zellweger syndrome is a rare inborn error of metabolism characterized by the absence of morphologically distinguishable peroxisomes. As a consequence tissues and cells from Zellweger patients contain severely reduced levels of ether phospholipids. These are replaced by diacylphospholipids while keeping the polar headgroup composition of the cellular(More)
Four S-adenosyl-l-methionine:anthocyanin-3′,5′-O-methyltransferases in flowers of Petunia hybrida were separated using the chromatofocusing technique. Each methyltransferase is controlled by one of the methylation genes Mt1, Mt2, Mf1 or Mf2. Molecular weight, pH-activity optimum, isoelectric point, several kinetic properties and the behaviour in the(More)
In Petunia hybrida four complementary genes are present, each having, if homozygous recessive a blueing effect on the flower colour. These genes have no qualitative or quantitative effect on anthocyanins and flavonols. In mutants homozygous recessive for one (or more) of the Ph genes the pH of aqueous flower limb homogenates is increased. It is assumed that(More)
The presence and intracellular localization of peroxisomal integral membrane proteins (PMP) were investigated in liver and cultured skin fibroblasts from control subjects and patients with the Zellweger syndrome and related disorders in which peroxisomes are virtually absent. Immunoblotting experiments showed that 22, 36 and 69 kDa PMPs were present and(More)