André Verméglio

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Purple bacteria have thus far been considered to operate light-driven cyclic electron transfer chains containing ubiquinone (UQ) as liposoluble electron and proton carrier. We show that in the purple gamma-proteobacterium Halorhodospira halophila, menaquinone-8 (MK-8) is the dominant quinone component and that it operates in the Q(B)-site of the(More)
Native tubular membranes were purified from the purple non-sulfur bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides. These tubular structures contain all the membrane components of the photosynthetic apparatus, in the relative ratio of one cytochrome bc1 complex to two reaction centers, and approximately 24 bacteriochlorophyll molecules per reaction center. Electron(More)
The two closely related bacteria Bradyrhizobium and Rhodopseudomonas palustris show an unusual mechanism of regulation of photosystem formation by light thanks to a bacteriophytochrome that antirepresses the regulator PpsR. In these two bacteria, we found out, unexpectedly, that two ppsR genes are present. We show that the two Bradyrhizobium PpsR proteins(More)
Some leguminous species of the genus Aeschynomene are specifically stem-nodulated by photosynthetic bradyrhizobia. To study the effect of bacterial photosynthesis during symbiosis, we generated a photosynthesis-negative mutant of the Bradyrhizobium sp. strain ORS278 symbiont of Aeschynomene sensitiva. The presence of a functional photosynthetic unit in(More)
Leguminous plants (such as peas and soybeans) and rhizobial soil bacteria are symbiotic partners that communicate through molecular signaling pathways, resulting in the formation of nodules on legume roots and occasionally stems that house nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Nodule formation has been assumed to be exclusively initiated by the binding of bacterial,(More)
Plants use a set of light sensors to control their growth and development in response to changes in ambient light. In particular, phytochromes exert their regulatory activity by switching between a biologically inactive red-light-absorbing form (Pr) and an active far-red-light absorbing form (Pfr). Recently, biochemical and genetic studies have demonstrated(More)
Selenium can provoke contrasting effects on living organisms. It is an essential trace element, and low concentrations have beneficial effects, such as the reduction of the incidence of cancer. However, higher concentrations of selenium salts can be toxic and mutagenic. The bases for both toxicity and protection are not clearly understood. To provide(More)
Seven species of obligately aerobic photosynthetic bacteria of the genera Erythromicrobium, Erythrobacter, and Roseococcus demonstrated high-level resistance to tellurite and accumulation of metallic tellurium crystals. High-level resistance without tellurite reduction was observed for Roseococcus thiosulfatophilus and Erythromicrobium ezovicum grown with(More)
Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 reduces selenite and tellurite preferentially under anaerobic conditions. The Se(0) and Te(0) deposits are located extracellularly and intracellularly, respectively. This difference in localization and the distinct effect of some inhibitors and electron acceptors on these reduction processes are taken as evidence of two(More)
Aerobic photosynthetic bacteria possess the unusual characteristic of producing different classes of carotenoids. In this study, we demonstrate the presence of two distinct crt gene clusters involved in the synthesis of spirilloxanthin and canthaxanthin in a Bradyrhizobium strain. Each cluster contains the genes crtE, crtB, and crtI leading to the common(More)