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BACKGROUND The glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are a group of multifunctional enzymes that catalyze the conjugation of glutathione with a variety of electrophilic compounds, including cytotoxic agents. A significant percentage of normal individuals exhibit genetic polymorphism with a homozygous deletion (null genotype) of the genes, leading to absence of(More)
Currently organizations, pushed by several business and technological changes, are more concern about Information systems (IS) than ever. Though organizations usually still face each IS as a separately technological issue with slight relations with business domain. This paper discusses the importance of the Information System Architecture (ISA) as the tool(More)
BACKGROUND Leptin has been consistently associated with angiogenesis and tumoral growth. A G/A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at the -2548 site in leptin gene (LEP) is associated with overexpression of leptin (A-allele). METHODS We evaluated DNA samples from 268 (536 alleles) unrelated individuals, 118 healthy controls (HCs) and 150 prostate cancer(More)
Epidemiological data indicate a relationship between ultraviolet radiation, vitamin D, and prostate cancer risk. Antiproliferative effects of vitamin D require the expression of the nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR). A three-fold increase in prostate cancer risk associated with the less active vitamin D receptor allele (the T allele from VDR TaqI(More)
BACKGROUND The prostate specific antigen (PSA) gene has a polymorphic androgen response element (ARE) sequence with two alleles, A and G. PSA A-allele carriers have higher serum PSA levels in healthy men (HM). METHODS We analysed DNA samples from 278 (556 alleles) unrelated individuals, 127 HM and 151 prostate cancer (PC) patients, for PSA ARE1 genotypes.(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of XPD genotypes as genetic indicator of susceptibility to ovarian cancer. We have used a case-control study. We analysed DNA samples from 141 ovarian cancer patients and 202 control subjects, for three XPD polymorphisms using PCR-RFLP. We observed that Asn312Asn XPD genotype carriers have increased(More)
High-risk human papillomavirus are essential for the development of cervical cancer; however, TP53 is the most frequently altered tumor suppressor gene among tumors and is described as a cofactor for cervical carcinogenesis. TP53 has two common polymorphic forms encoding either proline or arginine, at position 72, and the presence of homozygous arginine has(More)
BACKGROUND Glutathione S-transferase (GST) metabolic enzymes may be involved in the development of human cancer. Genetic polymorphisms have been reported in GSTM1, GSTM3, and GSTT1 with functional alterations and influencing cancer risk. METHODS We analyzed DNA samples from 335 (670 alleles) unrelated individuals, 185 community control subjects, and 150(More)
PURPOSE The endothelial cell-specific form of nitric oxide synthases (ecNOS) was mapped at 7q35-q36 and plays an important role in vascular development and tumor growth in human prostate cancer. Bone metastasis, clinical T-stage, tumor grade, and serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) have been shown to have prognostic importance in the outcome of prostate(More)
Breast cancer is the most frequent neoplasm in women. Expression of the estrogen receptor (ER) has a key role in breast cancer; the ER gene is located at chromosome 6q24-q27 and is made up of 8 exons with a total of 140 kb. The polymorphism in codon 325 of exon 4 (ER325) is a transition CCC-->CCG. The objective of this study is to analyze the frequency of(More)