André T. Hoogeveen

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Recent studies have reported that alleles in the premutation range in the FMR1 gene in males result in increased FMR1 mRNA levels and at the same time mildly reduced FMR1 protein levels. Some elderly males with premutations exhibit an unique neurodegenerative syndrome characterized by progressive intention tremor and ataxia. We describe neurohistological,(More)
The fragile X syndrome is the most frequent form of inherited mental retardation after Down's syndrome, having an incidence of one in 1,250 males. The fragile X syndrome results from amplification of the CGG repeat found in the FMR-1 gene. This CGG repeat shows length variation in normal individuals and is increased significantly in both carriers and(More)
Fragile X syndrome is caused by the absence of expression of the FMR1 gene. Both FXR1 and FXR2 are autosomal gene homologues of FMR1. The products of the three genes are belonging to a family of RNA-binding proteins, called FMRP, FXR1P, and FXR2P, respectively, and are associated with polyribosomes as cytoplasmic mRNP particles. The aim of the present study(More)
The FMR1 transcript is alternatively spliced and generates different splice variants coding for FMR1 proteins (FMRP) with a predicted molecular mass of 70-80 kDa. FMRP is widely expressed and localized in the cytoplasm. To study a possible interaction with other cellular components, FMRP was isolated and characterized under non-denaturing conditions. Under(More)
The fragile X syndrome is associated with an expanding CGG repeat in the 5' untranslated region of the first exon of the FMR1 gene. Subsequent methylation of the promoter region inhibits expression of the FMR1 gene. In two clinically normal brothers large, expanded CGG repeats and cytogenetically visible fragile sites were found. The FMR1 promoter was(More)
FMR1 protein expression was studied in different tissues. In human, monkey and murine tissues, high molecular mass FMR1 proteins (67-80 kDa) are found, as shown in lymphoblastoid cells lines. The identity of these proteins was confirmed by their absence in tissues from patients with the fragile X syndrome and a FMR1 knock-out mouse. An Ile367Asn(More)
Fragile X syndrome is a common form of mental retardation caused by the absence of the FMR1 protein, FMRP. Fmr1 knockout mice exhibit a phenotype with some similarities to humans, such as macro-orchidism and behavioral abnormalities. Two homologs of FMRP have been identified, FXR1P and FXR2P. These proteins show high sequence similarity, including all(More)
Fragile X syndrome is caused by the absence of the fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP). FMRP and its structural homologues FXR1P and FXR2P form a family of RNA-binding proteins (FXR proteins). The three proteins associate with polyribosomes as cytoplasmic mRNP particles. Here we show that small amounts of FMRP, FXR1P and FXR2P shuttle between(More)
The absence of fragile-X mental-retardation protein (FMRP) results in fragile-X syndrome. Two other fragile-X-related (FXR) proteins have been described, FXR1P and FXR2P, which are both very similar in amino acid sequence to FMRP. Interaction between the three proteins as well as with themselves has been demonstrated. The FXR proteins are believed to play a(More)
In normal human fibroblasts, an enzymically active 85,000-dalton precursor form of beta-galactosidase is processed, via a number of intermediates, into a mature 64,000-dalton form. In addition there is an enzymically inactive 32,000-dalton component and its 54,000-dalton precursor. In fibroblasts from patients with a combined deficiency of(More)