André Sentenac

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Genome-wide studies have recently revealed the unexpected complexity of the genetic response to apparently simple physiological changes. Here, we show that when yeast cells are exposed to Cd(2+), most of the sulfur assimilated by the cells is converted into glutathione, a thiol-metabolite essential for detoxification. Cells adapt to this vital metabolite(More)
Budding yeast RNA polymerase III (Pol III) contains a small, essential subunit, named C11, that is conserved in humans and shows a strong homology to TFIIS. A mutant Pol III, heterocomplemented with Schizosaccharomyces pombe C11, was affected in transcription termination in vivo. A purified form of the enzyme (Pol III Delta), deprived of C11 subunit,(More)
We report genome-wide analyses that establish Maf1 as a general and direct repressor of yeast RNA polymerase (Pol) III transcription. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) coupled to microarray hybridization experiments showed an increased association of Maf1 to Pol III-transcribed genes under repressing condition (rapamycin treatment) correlated with a(More)
Regulation of ribosome biogenesis is a key element of cell biology, not only because ribosomes are directly required for growth, but also because ribosome production monopolizes nearly 80% of the global transcriptional activity in rapidly growing yeast cells. These observations underscore the need for a tight regulation of ribosome synthesis in response to(More)
RNA polymerase I (Pol I) is dedicated to transcription of the large ribosomal DNA (rDNA). The mechanism of Pol I recruitment onto rDNA promoters is poorly understood. Here we present evidence that subunit A43 of Pol I interacts with transcription factor Rrn3: conditional mutations in A43 were found to disrupt the transcriptionally competent Pol I-Rrn3(More)
Although yeast RNA polymerase III (Pol III) and the auxiliary factors TFIIIC and TFIIIB are well characterized, the mechanisms of class III gene regulation are poorly understood. Previous studies identified MAF1, a gene that affects tRNA suppressor efficiency and interacts genetically with Pol III. We show here that tRNA levels are elevated in maf1 mutant(More)
Yeast RNA polymerases A (I) and C (III) share a subunit called AC19. The gene encoding AC19 has been isolated from yeast genomic DNA using oligonucleotide probes deduced from peptide sequences of the isolated subunit. This gene (RPC19) contains an intron-free open reading frame of 143 amino acid residues. RPC19 is a single copy gene that maps on chromosome(More)
The C34 subunit of yeast RNA polymerase (pol) III is part of a subcomplex of three subunits which have no counterpart in the other two nuclear RNA polymerases. This subunit interacts with TFIIIB70 and is therefore thought to participate in pol III recruitment. To study the role of C34 in transcription, we have mutagenized RPC34, the gene encoding C34, and(More)
While screening for genes that affect the synthesis of yeast snRNPs, we identified a thermosensitive mutant that abolishes the production of a reporter snRNA at the non-permissive temperature. This mutant defines a new gene, named BDF1. In a bdf1-1 strain, the reporter snRNA synthesized before the temperature shift remains stable at the non-permissive(More)
The AC40 and AC19 subunits (encoded by RPC40 and RPC19) are shared by yeast RNA polymerases I and III and have a local sequence similarity to prokaryotic alpha subunits. Mutational analysis of the corresponding "alpha motif" indicated that its integrity is essential on AC40 subunit but is not essential on AC19 subunit. By applying the two-hybrid method,(More)