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The aim of this study was to clinically investigate the association between the risk factors of early-stage atherosclerosis and the two-dimensional (2-D) movement of the artery wall. To meet this objective, a speckle tracking approach for the estimation of the 2-D trajectory of the vessel wall was proposed and applied to B-mode ultrasound (US) sequences of(More)
Longitudinal kinetics (LOKI) of the arterial wall consists of the shearing motion of the intima-media complex over the adventitia layer in the direction parallel to the blood flow during the cardiac cycle. The aim of this study was to investigate the local variability of LOKI amplitude along the length of the vessel. By use of a previously validated(More)
OBJECTIVE Carotid intima-media thickness is a well established non-invasive surrogate marker of cardiovascular disease, however there is evidence that structural modification of the arterial adventitia also accompanies cardiovascular risk factors and might be involved causally in atherosclerosis. We sought to determine the relative contributions of the(More)
An increased carotid arterial intima-media thickness (IMT) has been reported in hypopituitary adults untreated for GH deficiency. In the present study, the effect of GH replacement on IMT and cardiovascular risk factors was prospectively investigated, in GH deficiency patients treated at a mean dose of 1 UI/day during 1 yr (n = 22) and 2 yr (n = 11). The(More)
OBJECTIVE Consensus guidelines recommend cardiovascular risk assessment as the initial step of primary prevention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incremental predictive value for coronary events conferred by carotid ultrasonography in addition to risk assessment by Framingham score and screening for silent myocardial ischemia in a cohort of type(More)
The metabolic syndrome is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the association between metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis in hypercholesterolemic patients remains unknown. We examined the association between carotid atherosclerosis and metabolic syndrome definitions using the NCEP-ATPIII, International Diabetes Federation(More)
OBJECTIVE The combination of both morphological and cellular markers of subclinical atherosclerosis, in addition to conventional risk factors, may help to improve cardiovascular prevention in type 2 diabetic patients. The aim of our cross-sectional study was to evidence a putative increase in endothelial (EMP) or platelet (PMP) microparticles, in type 2(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to develop a noninvasive technique to quantify the thickness of a segment of the carotid artery wall that incorporates the adventitia and to identify whether differences in this measure are associated with cardiovascular risk factors. BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence that the arterial adventitia undergoes extensive structural(More)
Paraoxonase (PON) is an HDL-bound enzyme capable of hydrolyzing lipid peroxides and believed to be in part responsible for the protective effect of HDL against LDL oxidation. Its activity is mainly determined by a gene polymorphism of the PON 1 gene (Glu-Arg 192). Low activity has been related to an elevated incidence of myocardial infarction. In several(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this work is to present and evaluate a novel segmentation method for localizing the contours of the intima-media complex in the carotid artery wall through longitudinal ultrasound B-mode imaging. The method is used to investigate the association between atherosclerosis risk factors and the cyclic variation of the intima-media thickness(More)