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BACKGROUND Bone metastasis is the most lethal form of several cancers. The β2-microglobulin (β2-M)/hemochromatosis (HFE) complex plays an important role in cancer development and bone metastasis. We demonstrated previously that overexpression of β2-M in prostate, breast, lung and renal cancer leads to increased bone metastasis in mouse models. Therefore, we(More)
PURPOSE Capecitabine and irinotecan are commonly used in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). We hypothesized that germline polymorphisms within genes related to drug target (thymidylate synthase) or metabolizing enzymes (UDP-glucuronosyltransferase, UGT) would impact response and toxicity to the combination of capecitabine plus irinotecan(More)
Fibroblast activation protein (FAP) is a type II integral membrane glycoprotein belonging to the serine protease family. Human FAP is selectively expressed by tumor stromal fibroblasts in epithelial carcinomas, but not by epithelial carcinoma cells, normal fibroblasts, or other normal tissues. FAP has been shown to have both in vitro dipeptidyl peptidase(More)
  • Sajni Josson, Murali Gururajan, +16 authors Leland W K Chung
  • 2014
PURPOSE miR-409-3p/-5p is a miRNA expressed by embryonic stem cells, and its role in cancer biology and metastasis is unknown. Our pilot studies demonstrated elevated miR-409-3p/-5p expression in human prostate cancer bone metastatic cell lines; therefore, we defined the biologic impact of manipulation of miR-409-3p/-5p on prostate cancer progression and(More)
Prostate cancer (PCa) metastasis to bone is lethal and there is no adequate animal model for studying the mechanisms underlying the metastatic process. Here, we report that receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL) expressed by PCa cells consistently induced colonization or metastasis to bone in animal models. RANK-mediated signaling established a(More)
OBJECTIVES The genogram is a tool that has facilitated counseling in family therapy and social work for many years. It is hypothesized that genograms may also be useful in genetic counseling, because they help the counselor to acquire more objective and consistent information from the client, as well as to incorporate family dynamics and psychosocial issues(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to identify patient characteristics that may be risk factors or markers of susceptibility to adverse treatment effects in cancer Phase I and II clinical trials. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 459 patients enrolled in 23 therapeutic Phase I and II studies at the Fox Chase Cancer Center were included in the analysis.(More)
We reported (PLoS One 6 (12):e28670, 2011) that the activation of c-Met signaling in RANKL-overexpressing bone metastatic LNCaP cell and xenograft models increased expression of RANK, RANKL, c-Met, and phosphorylated c-Met, and mediated downstream signaling. We confirmed the significance of the RANK-mediated signaling network in castration resistant(More)
PURPOSE We conducted a Phase II trial of bryostatin-1, an inhibitor of protein kinase C, in advanced renal cell carcinoma to measure toxicity, response rate, time to progression, and induction of cytokines. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A total of 32 patients (26 male and 6 female) received bryostatin-1 at 35-40 microg/m(2) i.v. over 1 h on days 1, 8, and 15 of(More)