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Bacillus sphaericus JG-A12 is a natural isolate recovered from a uranium mining waste pile near the town of Johanngeorgenstadt in Saxony, Germany. The cells of this strain are enveloped by a highly ordered crystalline proteinaceous surface layer (S-layer) possessing an ability to bind uranium and other heavy metals. Purified and recrystallized S-layer(More)
The speciation of 1 mM uranium(VI) in carbonate-free aqueous solutions of 50 mM protocatechuic acid (PCA, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid) was studied in the pH range of 4.0 to 6.8 using EXAFS spectroscopy. The uranium L(III)-edge EXAFS spectra were analyzed using a newly developed computer algorithm for iterative transformation factor analysis (FA). Two(More)
We studied the structure and stoichiometry of aqueous uranylVI hydroxo dimers and trimers by spectroscopic (EXAFS, FTIR, UV-vis) and quantum chemical (DFT) methods. FTIR and UV-vis spectroscopy were used for the speciation of uranyl complexes in aqueous solution. DFT calculations show that (UO2)2(OH)22+ has two bridging hydroxo groups with a U-U distance of(More)
In an ex vivo- and an animal study a Holmium-YAG laser, a Nd:YAG laser and a CO2 laser were examined. For laparoscopic cholecystectomy the pulsed Holmium:YAG laser proved to be the best instrument. Dissecting and haemostatic effects were connected when working with a power of 4 watts. Dissected area per minute was 112 mm2, gallbladder dissection (15 cm2)(More)
Three oligotrophic bacterial strains were cultured from the ground water of the deep-well monitoring site S15 of the Siberian radioactive waste depository Tomsk-7, Russia. They were affiliated with Actinobacteria from the genus Microbacterium. The almost fully sequenced 16S rRNA genes of two of the isolates, S15-M2 and S15-M5, were identical to those of(More)
Due to their redox reactivity, surface sorption characteristics, and ubiquity as corrosion products or as minerals in natural sediments, iron(II)-bearing minerals control to a large extent the environmental fate of actinides. Pu-L(III)-edge XANES and EXAFS spectra were used to investigate reaction products of aqueous (242)Pu(III) and (242)Pu(V) reacted with(More)
Biosorption of uranium(VI) by the green alga Chlorella vulgaris was studied at varying uranium concentrations from 5 μM to 1mM, and in the environmentally relevant pH range of 4.4 to 7.0. Living cells bind in a 0.1mM uranium solution at pH 4.4 within 5 min 14.3 ± 5.5 mg U/g dry biomass and dead cells 28.3 ± 0.6 mg U/g dry biomass which corresponds to 45%(More)
A combination of EXAFS, transmission electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray was used to conduct a molecular and atomic analysis of the uranium complexes formed by Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans. The results demonstrate that this bacterium accumulates uranium as phosphate compounds. We suggest that at toxic levels when the uranium enters the(More)
The complexation of uranyl ions with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the main component of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria, was investigated on a molecular level with U L(III)-edge extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FT-IR) spectroscopy over a wide pH range (2.6 to 7.0). For the(More)
Spectroscopic extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) evidence was obtained on the chemical environment of 99Tc(IV) atoms formed upon introduction of TcO4- into four types of laboratory-scale synthetic and natural systems which mimic in situ natural reducing conditions in humic-rich geochemical environments: (a) magnetite/pyrite in synthetic(More)