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In a recent study it has been shown that benzodiazepine receptor agonists attenuate novelty-induced suppression of feeding and increase the percentage of animals feeding in the open field. Food-deprived rats were placed in one corner of the open field containing food in the center. The number of rats beginning to eat in the first 5 min was recorded. In the(More)
Studies have shown different and sometimes contradictory results in response to anxiolytic drugs. In the present study, the behavioral performance of rat strains, obtained from different breeders, was examined in four animal models of anxiety- or in exploration-related behavior to assess the potential contribution of genetic disposition or breeding factors(More)
The behaviour of animals in tests of anxiety varies between strains, even in identical tests and surroundings. To evaluate the results obtained, a more detailed knowledge of the behaviour of different rat strains is indispensable. Identically raised Fischer 344 rats and two stocks of Wistar rats were examined in two animal tests of anxiety: the X-maze and a(More)
Neuronal activity is tightly coupled with brain energy metabolism; and glucose is an important energy substrate for neurons. The present in vivo microdialysis study was aimed at investigating changes in extracellular glucose concentrations in the rat ventral hippocampus due to exposure to the elevated plus maze. Determination of basal hippocampal glucose(More)
Previous studies have used the elevated plus maze to test for "anxiolytic" drugs in rats. The present study demonstrates that guinea-pigs handled daily from birth exhibit similar behaviour to rats on the plus maze. Pretreatment with diazepam (1.0 mg/kg) significantly increased the time the animals spent in the open arms and amount of entries into the open(More)
The effects of the acutely administered cholecystokinin (CCK) agonists CCK tetrapeptide (BOC-CCK-4) and sulfated CCK octapeptide (CCK-8S) were examined in four animal models of anxiety in rats. In the elevated plus maze, BOC-CCK-4 reduced the time spent in the open arms and the number of entries into the open arms. BOC-CCK-4 but not the anorectic acting(More)
RATIONALE The social interaction test is a valuable behavioural model for testing anxiolytic drugs in rodents, quantifying the level of social behaviour between pairs of rats. OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to assess the appropriateness of the social interaction test for use with a Sprague-Dawley rat line, because of increasing use of this(More)
Exposure of guinea pigs to the elevated plus maze (X-maze), an animal model of anxiety, causes an increase of extracellular serotonin (5-HT) in the lateral prefrontal cortex monitored by microdialysis. The neuropeptide cholecystokinin (CCK) plays a role in the modulation of anxiety. To compare the roles of CCK receptors, the effects of the CCK-A receptor(More)
The effects of acutely administered diazepam and the beta-carboline abecarnil were examined in two animal models of anxiety in rats, and for their effects on food intake and locomotor activity. In the elevated x-maze diazepam (0.6-2.5 mg/kg) and abecarnil (0.03-0.3 mg/kg) induced anxiolytic-like effects. The second paradigm is based upon the suppression of(More)
Based on the different effects of somatodendritic 5-HT1A agonist 8-OH-DPAT on food intake whether given to food-deprived rats or freely feeding rats, we hypothesized that the effects of 8-OH-DPAT on extracellular serotonin (5-HT) in the lateral hypothalamus (LH) will interfere with different feeding states, eventually resulting in different patterns of 5-HT(More)