André Revol

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To investigate biochemical heterogeneity within Niemann-Pick type C disease (NPC), the two most characteristic abnormalities, namely (1) kinetics of LDL-stimulated cholesteryl ester formation and (2) intravesicular accumulation of LDL-derived unesterified cholesterol, evaluated by histochemical filipin staining, were studied in cultured skin fibroblasts(More)
Within Niemann-Pick diseases, type C has now been demonstrated to be a nosological entity totally distinct from types A and B, and is best characterized at present by unique abnormalities of intracellular translocation of exogenous cholesterol, which are briefly reviewed. Although the primary defect is still unknown in type C Niemann-Pick disease, this(More)
The toxic effect of thiram, a widely used dithiocarbamate fungicide, was investigated in cultured human skin fibroblasts. Cell survival assays demonstrated that thiram induced a dose-dependent decrease in the viable cell recovery. Thiram exposure resulted in a rapid depletion of intracellular reduced glutathione (GSH) content with a concomitant increase in(More)
A new rapid and highly sensitive HPLC method with ortho-phthalaldehyde (OPA) pre-column derivatization has been developed for determination of reduced glutathione (GSH) and total glutathione (GSHt) in human red blood cells and cultured fibroblasts. OPA derivatives are separated on a reversed-phase HPLC column with an acetonitrile-sodium acetate gradient(More)
BACKGROUND Our aim was to evaluate oxidative stress parameters on three groups of diabetic patients, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), and insulin-treated type 2 diabetes mellitus (ITDM2), with similar HbA1c value and to determine if insulin's impact on these parameters was the same for IDDM and(More)
Survival for decades is now possible in end-stage renal disease patients (ESRD) treated with haemodialysis (HD). Long-term survivors may present dialysis-related pathology (DRP). Alterations in lipid metabolism and oxidative stress are recognized as important risk factors that could be prevented or reduced by optimal therapy. We have studied markers of(More)
We examined the protein and fat nutritional status of 65 cystic fibrosis patients aged 4-26 y (x +/- SD: 11.2 +/- 5.6 y). Patients were treated with pancreatic enzyme extracts to improve nutrient absorption; in addition, most patients were supplemented with vitamins A and E. Results were compared with those in a control group of 39 subjects aged 5-29 y (x:(More)
Aims/hypothesis. Hypertriglyceridaemia is common in Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. Only subgroups of patient however have type V hyperlipidaemia. To investigate the coordination between genetic factors in the modulation of hypertriglyceridaemia in Type II diabetes, we studied three major modifier loci: apoC-III (both Sst-I and(More)
From 73 normal pregnancies of gestational age between 17 and 41 weeks of gestation (WG), the concentrations of glucose, pyruvate and lactate, free fatty acids, ketone bodies (aceto-acetate and beta-hydroxybutyrate) and cholesterol were assessed on maternal venous blood (MVB) and umbilical venous blood (UVB), sampled by cordocentesis. The objective of this(More)
Acid-base state and oxygenation of fetal blood were evaluated in a group of 73 appropriate for gestational age fetuses between 17 and 41 weeks of gestation; fetal blood was obtained by cordocentesis. We measured, on umbilical venous blood, pH, pCO2, bicarbonates and total CO2, pO2 and percent oxygen saturation; we obtained following results: pH = 7.309 +/-(More)