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BACKGROUND/AIMS It was the aim of this study to carry out a comparative evaluation in vitro on standardized color charts and in vivo on healthy subjects using the Visi-Chroma VC-100, a new imaging tristimulus colorimeter and the Minolta Chromameter CR-200 as a reference instrument. The Visi-Chroma combines tristimulus color analysis with full color(More)
The measurement of transepidermal water loss (TEWL) is an important noninvasive method in order to assess the barrier function of the stratum corneum. As a consequence, TEWL has been found to be a very useful technique for studying skin irritation induced by various physical and chemical effects. Exposure of the skin to chemicals (detergents) and physical(More)
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the trauma induced by insertion of the linear microdialysis probe in the subcutaneous and dermal tissue in the rat and to check if the microdialysis probe insertion affects transdermal drug delivery. Non-invasive bioengineering methods (TEWL, Laser Doppler Velocimeter, Chromameter) as well as histology were combined(More)
Temperature influences the stratum corneum adsorption of several topically applied compounds. This study was designed to evaluate the influence of the temperature on the stratum corneum adsorption of 3 UV filters. The UV filters were solubilized in two vehicles, an emulsion gel and petroleum jelly and applied at respectively, 31 and 40 degrees C during 30(More)
The preservative properties of thyme essential oil (3%) with a known composition were evaluated in two types of final formulations, suitable for use as pharmaceutical or cosmetic vehicles, by means of a standard challenge test proposed by the latest European Pharmacopoeia. The required preservation efficacy criteria were satisfied against the bacterial(More)
Theoretically, a positive relation is expected between skin temperature and the percutaneous penetration of topically applied substances. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the temperature on the in vitro percutaneous penetration of dihydrotestosterone. Hairless rat skin was mounted in static diffusion cells placed in a water bath(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS A major problem with electrical measurements of the capacitance of the skin using the well kwown capacitance method (Corneometer) resides in the fact that the results of this instrument are expressed as arbitrary capacitance hydration units that are not directly related to real electrical units or to the water content of the horny layer. The(More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of stratum corneum (SC) hydration often involves the use of commercial instruments. The aim of this study was to compare and validate two recent instruments: the Corneometer 825® (digital probe) and the Skicon-200 EX®. METHODS In vitro calibration was carried out on filter pads using different solvents, measurements over different(More)