André Odilon Barel

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The measurement of transepidermal water loss (TEWL) is an important noninvasive method in order to assess the barrier function of the stratum corneum. As a consequence, TEWL has been found to be a very useful technique for studying skin irritation induced by various physical and chemical effects. Exposure of the skin to chemicals (detergents) and physical(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS It was the aim of this study to carry out a comparative evaluation in vitro on standardized color charts and in vivo on healthy subjects using the Visi-Chroma VC-100, a new imaging tristimulus colorimeter and the Minolta Chromameter CR-200 as a reference instrument. The Visi-Chroma combines tristimulus color analysis with full color(More)
The preservative properties of thyme essential oil (3%) with a known composition were evaluated in two types of final formulations, suitable for use as pharmaceutical or cosmetic vehicles, by means of a standard challenge test proposed by the latest European Pharmacopoeia. The required preservation efficacy criteria were satisfied against the bacterial(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS A major problem with electrical measurements of the capacitance of the skin using the well kwown capacitance method (Corneometer) resides in the fact that the results of this instrument are expressed as arbitrary capacitance hydration units that are not directly related to real electrical units or to the water content of the horny layer. The(More)
A procedure is described for the isolation of Cg lysozyme from dried fig latex. The pure enzyme has a molecular weight of 29,000 and consists of a single polypeptide chain with amino-terminal glycine and carboxyl-terminal isoleucine residues. With Micrococcus lysodeikticus cells as substrate, the enzyme exhibits a sharp pH optimum at pH 4.5. Fig lysozyme is(More)
1. Rat alpha-foetoprotein, an oestrogen-binding foetal globulin, was isolated in large quantities from amniotic fluid and serum by preparative electrophoresis on polyacrylamide slab gels or by chromatography on an immunoadsorbent column. Subsequently the two electrophoretic forms of this protein were separated by electrophoresis on the same medium. 2. Both(More)
BACKGROUND The application of ultrasound to enhance the transdermal transport of drugs is often referred to as 'sonophoresis'. In physiotherapy sonophoresis is applied to the skin through two different procedures: (1) the pre-treatment procedure where the skin is treated with ultrasound irradiation prior to the drug application and (2) a simultaneous(More)
Theoretically, a positive relation is expected between skin temperature and the percutaneous penetration of topically applied substances. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the influence of the temperature on the in vitro percutaneous penetration of dihydrotestosterone. Hairless rat skin was mounted in static diffusion cells placed in a water bath(More)
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the trauma induced by insertion of the linear microdialysis probe in the subcutaneous and dermal tissue in the rat and to check if the microdialysis probe insertion affects transdermal drug delivery. Non-invasive bioengineering methods (TEWL, Laser Doppler Velocimeter, Chromameter) as well as histology were combined(More)