Learn More
Reconstruction of a gene with its introns removed results in reduced levels of cytoplasmic mRNA. This is partly explained by introns promoting the export of mRNA through coupling splicing to nuclear export processes. However, we show here that splicing signals can have a direct role in enhancing gene transcription. Removal of promoter proximal splice(More)
The messenger RNA processing reactions of capping, splicing, and polyadenylation occur cotranscriptionally. They not only influence one another's efficiency and specificity, but are also coordinated by transcription. The phosphorylated CTD of RNA polymerase II provides key molecular contacts with these mRNA processing reactions throughout transcriptional(More)
Procyclins are the major surface glycoproteins of insect forms of Trypanosoma brucei. We have previously shown that a conserved 16-mer in the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of procyclin transcripts functions as a positive element in procyclic-form trypanosomes. A systematic analysis of the entire 297-base 3' UTR has now revealed additional elements which are(More)
Differentiation is a means by which unicellular parasites adapt to different environments. In some cases, the developmental program may be modulated by interactions with the host, but the mechanisms are largely unknown. Trypanosoma brucei is transmitted between mammals by tsetse flies. The development of the procyclic form in the tsetse midgut is marked by(More)
Diverse classes of noncoding RNA, including small nuclear RNAs (snRNAs), play fundamental regulatory roles at many stages of gene expression. For example, recent studies have implicated 7SK RNA and components of the splicing apparatus in the regulation of transcriptional elongation. Here we present the first evidence of the involvement of an snRNA in the(More)
The inactivity or occlusion of the HIV-1 poly(A) signal when in the 5' long terminal repeat (LTR) has been mechanistically investigated. First we show that neither the homologous HIV-1 promoter nor the close proximity of this RNA processing signal to the transcript initiation site is required for the occlusion effect. Instead we demonstrate that the major(More)
FBN1 mutations cause Marfan syndrome (MFS), an autosomal dominant disorder of connective tissue. One of the unexplained features of MFS is the pathogenic mechanism that leads to marked inter- and intra-familial clinical variability, despite complete disease penetrance. An FBN1 deletion patient [46,XXdel(15)(q15q22.1)] was identified whose fibrillin-1(More)
Polypyrimidine tract binding protein (PTB) is a major hnRNP protein with multiple roles in mRNA metabolism, including regulation of alternative splicing and internal ribosome entry site-driven translation. We show here that a fourfold overexpression of PTB results in a 75% reduction of mRNA levels produced from transfected gene constructs with different(More)
African trypanosomes are not passively transmitted, but they undergo several rounds of differentiation and proliferation within their intermediate host, the tsetse fly. At each stage, the survival and successful replication of the parasites improve their chances of continuing the life cycle, but little is known about specific molecules that contribute to(More)
Synthesis of ribosomal RNA by RNA polymerase I (RNA pol I) is an elemental biological process and is key for cellular homeostasis. In a forward genetic screen in C. elegans designed to identify DNA damage-response factors, we isolated a point mutation of RNA pol I, rpoa-2(op259), that leads to altered rRNA synthesis and a concomitant resistance to ionizing(More)