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BACKGROUND The reasons for surgical failure in 30% of patients with unilateral mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) are still unclear. We investigated if different outcomes could be associated to different patterns of subtle gray matter atrophy (GMA) and white matter atrophy (WMA), and searched for postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) changes. (More)
AIMS To evaluate both cosmetic and functional effects of temporalis muscle atrophy, by means of clinical examination, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and electromyographic (EMG) activity in patients who underwent craniotomy in order to treat refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). METHODS A total of 18 controls and 18 patients who underwent(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the natural history and outcome predictors in familial mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (FMTLE). METHODS We conducted a longitudinal study of 103 individuals from 17 FMTLE families (mean follow-up: 7.6 years). We divided subjects into 3 groups: FMTLE (n = 53), unclassified seizure (n = 18), and asymptomatics (n = 32). We divided FMTLE(More)
OBJECTIVE Artifacts caused by metallic objects, such as dental crowns, dental implants and metallic orthodontic appliances, are a common problem in head and neck MRI. The aim of this retrospective study was to identify the main metal dental objects that produce artifacts on brain MRIs. STUDY DESIGN Imaged metallic artifacts and their sources were(More)
AIM The aim of the present study was to assess the correlation of temporomandibular joint internal derangement (TMJ ID) in patients with the presence of headache, bruxism, and joint pain using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS AND MATERIALS This study evaluated 42 joints in 42 patients; 21 patients diagnosed with unilateral TMJ ID and a history of(More)
First described by James Ewing in 1921, Ewing's sarcoma (ES) or Ewing's tumor is one of the most aggressive bone tumors known. ES is an uncommon intra-osseous malignant tumor of questionable pathogenesis that occurs in children and young adults. Reports indicate that only 2 to 7% of cases involve the maxillofacial region, usually the mandible ramus, and few(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate clinical, neuropsychological, and MRI abnormalities (gray matter atrophy [GMA] and white matter atrophy [WMA]) in surgical mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) patients with and without familial antecedent for epilepsy. METHODS A cohort study including 69 operated patients with unilateral MTLE, divided into a group of 29 patients(More)
The aim of this work was to define the diagnostic value of a method for 3D reconstruction of MRI images for the assessment of temporomandibular joint. Sixty subjects, 42 diagnosed with unilateral temporomandibular disorders (TMD) with disc displacement and 18 without signs or symptoms of TMD (control group) were included. All subjects had both(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to describe the clinical and MRI findings of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in patients with major depressive disorders (MDDs) of the non-psychotic type. METHODS 40 patients (80 TMJs) who were diagnosed as having MDDs were selected for this study. The clinical examination of the TMJs was conducted according to(More)
Dental intrusion and avulsion, crown fracture and mandibular fractures are important dentofacial complications in patients with epilepsy-related traumas. The objective of the present study was to describe the occurrence of orofacial injuries in patients with epilepsy. One hundred and nine consecutive patients (60 women; mean age 38.81 ± 14 years), treated(More)