André L. C. Moreira

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Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is thought to promote intracellular infection, including human visceral leishmaniasis, by disabling Th1 cell-type responses and/or deactivating parasitized tissue macrophages. To develop a rationale for IL-10 inhibition as treatment in visceral infection, Th1 cytokine-driven responses were characterized in Leishmania donovani-infected(More)
We have examined the mechanism of thalidomide inhibition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced tumor necrosis factor ot (TNF<~) production and found that the drug enhances the degradation of TNF-oe mRNA. Thus, the half-life of the molecule was reduced from "o30 to ~o17 rain in the presence of 50/zg/ml of thalidomide. Inhibition of TNF-ot production was(More)
Tunneling nanotubes are long, non-adherent F-actin-based cytoplasmic extensions which connect proximal or distant cells and facilitate intercellular transfer. The identification of nanotubes has been limited to cell lines, and their role in cancer remains unclear. We detected tunneling nanotubes in mesothelioma cell lines and primary human mesothelioma(More)
Immune checkpoint inhibitors, which unleash a patient's own T cells to kill tumors, are revolutionizing cancer treatment. To unravel the genomic determinants of response to this therapy, we used whole-exome sequencing of non-small cell lung cancers treated with pembrolizumab, an antibody targeting programmed cell death-1 (PD-1). In two independent cohorts,(More)
BACKGROUND Because associations have been reported between inhaled ambient ultrafine particles and increased risk of cardiopulmonary disease, it has been suggested that inhaled engineered nanoparticles (NPs) may also induce adverse effects on the cardiovascular system. OBJECTIVE We examined the long-term cardiovascular effects of inhaled nickel hydroxide(More)
Host defense against mycobacterial infection requires the participation of monocytes and T cells. Both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells have been shown to be important in resistance to mycobacterial infection in vivo. The main contribution of CD4+ T cells to the protective antituberculosis response involves the production of Th1-type cytokines, including interleukin-2(More)
Angiogenesis is a crucial process in inflammatory reactions as well as in tumor implantation and growth. Tumors with high rates of invasion and recurrence such as gliomas, are specially dependent on neovascularization. This suggests that inhibition of angiogenesis might reduce the growth of these tumors. Thalidomide has been previously shown to inhibit(More)
Using a rabbit model of tuberculous meningitis, we evaluated the protective efficacy of vaccination with the recombinant polyprotein Mtb72F, which is formulated in two alternative adjuvants, AS02A and AS01B, and compared this to vaccination with Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) alone or as a BCG prime/Mtb72F-boost regimen. Vaccination with(More)
KRAS mutations define a clinically distinct subgroup of lung adenocarcinoma patients, characterized by smoking history, resistance to EGFR-targeted therapies, and adverse prognosis. Whether KRAS-mutated lung adenocarcinomas also have distinct histopathological features is not well established. We tested 180 resected lung adenocarcinomas for KRAS and EGFR(More)
Pulmonary large-cell carcinoma-a diagnostically and clinically controversial entity-is defined as a non-small-cell carcinoma lacking morphologic differentiation of either adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma, but suspected to represent an end stage of poor differentiation of these tumor types. Given the recent advances in immunohistochemistry to(More)