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OBJECTIVE Screening allows for early management of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), a severe complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc). Since no consensus has been reached on the method and criteria for optimal screening, we sought to develop an algorithm based on symptoms, Doppler echocardiography, and right heart catheterization (RHC) for application(More)
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an orphan, complex, inflammatory disease affecting the immune system and connective tissue. SSc stands out as a severely incapacitating and life-threatening inflammatory rheumatic disease, with a largely unknown pathogenesis. We have designed a two-stage genome-wide association study of SSc using case-control samples from France,(More)
OBJECTIVE Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease characterized by generalized microangiopathy leading to chronic hypoxia. The aim of this study was to determine whether polymorphisms of the hypoxia-inducible factor 1A gene (HIF1A) affects susceptibility to SSc in a large French European Caucasian population. METHODS A case-control study(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure the prevalence of different types of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and to identify patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) at highest risk in a multicenter European sample, with a metaanalysis of relevant studies. METHODS Consecutive patients with SSc recruited at 11 French and Italian centers underwent detailed evaluations, including(More)
OBJECTIVES Induction of antinuclear antibodies (ANA) has been reported in patients taking infliximab to treat refractory spondyloarthropathy, without concomitant methotrexate therapy. We investigated antibody induction in patients with spondyloarthropathy treated with both infliximab and methotrexate. METHODS In 33 patients meeting ESSG criteria for(More)
SELECT is a large-scale, prospective, international, multicentre, double-blind, double-dummy, randomized, parallel-group trial. Patients with exacerbation of osteoarthritis were treated with the recommended dose of meloxicam (7.5 mg) or piroxicam (20 mg) once daily for 28 days; 4320 patients were administered meloxicam and 4336 piroxicam. The incidence of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate predictors of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in a prospective cohort of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS Routine clinical assessments as well as measurements of the diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide/alveolar volume (DLCO/VA) ratio and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) level were performed(More)
Although widely used, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are associated with a high incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) side-effects. Inhibition of the cyclooxygenase (COX) enzyme is the basis for both the efficacy and toxicity of NSAIDs. The discovery of two COX isoforms, constitutive COX-1 and inducible COX-2, has led to the hypothesis that(More)
OBJECTIVE There is now growing evidence that connective tissue diseases, including systemic sclerosis (SSc), share a common genetic background. Microarray studies support a pivotal role of type I interferon (IFN) in the pathophysiology of connective tissue diseases. Interferon regulatory factors coordinate the expression of type I IFNs, and the IRF5 gene(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular diseases, vasospasm, and dysimmunity have been implicated in normal tension glaucoma (NTG). OBJECTIVE To investigate the prevalence of ocular abnormalities suggestive of glaucoma damage in systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS 61 patients with SSc (mean (SD) age 56.2 (12) years, mean (SD) disease duration 9.9 (9) years; 41 with(More)