André J Niestroj

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Human glutaminyl cyclase (QC) was identified as a metalloenzyme as suggested by the time-dependent inhibition by the heterocyclic chelators 1,10-phenanthroline and dipicolinic acid. The effect of EDTA on QC catalysis was negligible. Inactivated enzyme could be fully restored by the addition of Zn2+ in the presence of equimolar concentrations of EDTA. Little(More)
The first effective inhibitors for human glutaminyl cyclase (QC) are described. The structures are developed by applying a ligand-based optimization approach starting from imidazole. Screening of derivatives of that heterocycle led to compounds of the imidazol-1-yl-alkyl thiourea type as a lead scaffold. A library of thiourea derivatives was synthesized,(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis is characterised by synovial inflammation and proliferation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes. The induction of apoptosis has long been proposed as a target for proliferative autoimmune diseases, and has further been shown to act as a successful treatment of experimental models of arthritis, such as collagen-induced arthritis. Here we(More)
The expression of dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DP4, CD26) affects T-cell recruitment to lungs in an experimental rat asthma model. Furthermore, the gene of the structural homologous DP10 represents a susceptibility locus for asthma in humans, and the functional homologous DP8/9 are expressed in human leukocytes. Thus, although several mechanisms may account for(More)
Legumain is a lysosomal cysteine peptidase specific for an asparagine residue in the P1-position. It has been classified as a member of clan CD peptidases due to predicted structural similarities to caspases and gingipains. So far, inhibition studies on legumain are limited by the use of endogenous inhibitors such as cystatin C. A series of Michael acceptor(More)
Elevated brain levels of the pleiotropic cytokine interleukin-6, which is mainly secreted from activated local astrocytes, contribute to pathological events including neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. Thus, inhibition of pathological IL-6 expression provides a rationale strategy for targeting the onset or further progression of neurological disorders(More)
Interleukin-6 is one of the most prominent triggers of inflammatory processes. We have shown recently that heteroarylketones (HAKs) interfere with stimulated interleukin-6 expression in astrocytes by suppression of STAT3 phosphorylation at serine 727. Surprisingly, this effect is not based on the inhibition of STAT3-relevant kinases. Therefore, we here used(More)
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