André J. Nahmias

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There is considerable genetic diversity among viruses of different subtypes (designated A to J) in the major group of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), the form of HIV that is dominant in the global epidemic. If available, HIV-1 sequences pre-dating the recognition of AIDS could be crucial in defining the time of origin and the subsequent(More)
Seroprevalence of and coinfection with herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and type 2 (HSV-2) in the United States were analyzed by use of data from a nationally representative survey (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, 1988– 1994). Evidence was explored for possible protection by prior HSV-1 infection against infection and clinical(More)
The authors have investigated the course of herpes simplex type 1 (HSV) keratitis in three different inbred strains of mice infected with four different HSV isolates. Severity of ocular disease and mortality is dependent upon both the virus isolate and the host strain. In particular, the likelihood of progression from self-limited dendritic keratitis to(More)
T cell involvement in Ab responses to thymus-independent type 2 Ags is an immunologic enigma. The identity of these cells and the mechanisms of their TCR engagement to carbohydrate molecules remain unknown. We measured IgG Ab production after immunization with pneumococcal polysaccharides in mice with disruptions in selected genes of the T cell pathway.(More)
A total of 301 female and 133 male Cebus monkeys have been placed under study during a 3-year period. Females are inoculated intradermally into the cervix every 6 months; 225 receive virus and 76 receive control material. More than 50% of the animals were infected on primary inoculation, and a similar percentage was foundon the 1st reinoculation. Males are(More)
With the aim of achieving earlier diagnosis of human, immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in infants, IgA and IgM HIV antibodies in serum samples from babies born to seropositive mothers were assayed by immunoblot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay after removal of IgG with recombinant protein G. 64 samples were from 38 HIV-infected babies with(More)
The immunology of herpes simplex infections has been reviewed, particularly in relation to potential herpes simplex virus (HSV) vaccines, and to the association between HSV and cervical cancer. Relevant data from humans, experimental animals, and in vitro systems implicate both specific immune mechanisms and nonspecific factors in the course of HSV(More)
Proof of causality of most neuromental disorders (NMD's) is largely unavailable. Lessons from four-decade investigations of the epidemiology, immunology, pathogenesis, prevention and therapy of perinatal infectious agents, which invade directly the nervous system, have led us to propose a new indirect effect hypothesis: maternal transplacentally-acquired(More)