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In order to explain the mechanical effects that arise when a semi-circular canal is thermally stimulated in the horizontal position (i.e. in the absence of gravity effects) a physical model was used. The duct (corresponding to the canal) is deformable, the pressure transducer (corresponding to the ampulla) is not deformable. There is no thermal similarity(More)
The properties of the membranous wall of the semi-circular canal and of the labyrinthine fluids give as a result the inflating pressure of this inflatable structure. The difference of osmotic pressure between perilymph and endolymph, which is involved in this problem, depends on temperature. Therefore, a caloric stimulation leads to a change in the(More)
Caloric stimulation acts on the bio-accelerometer (the semi-circular canal), as on engineered ones, through second order type multiple pathways. Three temperature induced peripheral actions have been described in our previous reports. The hydrostatic mechanism induces in the endolymph a gravity dependent transcupular stationary pressure difference. The(More)
In this first article of four the problem is displayed using experiments on humans for two kinds of gravity related positions. In each case the nystagmus depends sinusoidally on a particular orientation of the canal to the vertical. In each case, too, a dissymmetry of the response occurs. This kind of behavior confirms that the caloric stimulation induces(More)
Pseudorandom binary rotatory stimulation is used to study the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VeOR) frequency response (from 0.01 to 0.64 Hz). Fifty-two normal subjects volunteered for this test. The transfer function's gain and phase, and the corresponding coherence function between slow phase eye velocity and head velocity were computed. According to the(More)
A software using a finite element method is used to study the deformation of a bidimensional model of the human cupular diaphragm and the distribution of angular shearing of the hairs of the sensory cells located on the crista ampularis. This study shows that the hairs on the top of the crista are more sensitive to the pressure difference across the cupula(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the safety and efficiency of the plugging of the lateral semicircular canal to control vertigo in severe Ménière's disease (MD). STUDY DESIGN Prospective follow-up study. SETTING University hospital. PATIENTS Twenty-eight patients with MD with refractory vertigo and severe disability (functional scale 5 or 6). INTERVENTIONS(More)
Efficacy of the SPEAK and ACE coding strategies was compared with that of a new strategy, MP3000™, by 37 European implant centers including 221 subjects. The SPEAK and ACE strategies are based on selection of 8-10 spectral components with the highest levels, while MP3000 is based on the selection of only 4-6 components, with the highest levels relative to(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to evaluate the value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and gadolinium-enhanced dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for differentiating benign and malignant parotid gland tumors, and for characterizing the various histological types (pleomorphic adenoma, and Warthin's and malignant tumors). PATIENTS AND METHODS This(More)