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In this first article of four the problem is displayed using experiments on humans for two kinds of gravity related positions. In each case the nystagmus depends sinusoidally on a particular orientation of the canal to the vertical. In each case, too, a dissymmetry of the response occurs. This kind of behavior confirms that the caloric stimulation induces(More)
In order to explain the mechanical effects that arise when a semi-circular canal is thermally stimulated in the horizontal position (i.e. in the absence of gravity effects) a physical model was used. The duct (corresponding to the canal) is deformable, the pressure transducer (corresponding to the ampulla) is not deformable. There is no thermal similarity(More)
The properties of the membranous wall of the semi-circular canal and of the labyrinthine fluids give as a result the inflating pressure of this inflatable structure. The difference of osmotic pressure between perilymph and endolymph, which is involved in this problem, depends on temperature. Therefore, a caloric stimulation leads to a change in the(More)
Caloric stimulation acts on the bio-accelerometer (the semi-circular canal), as on engineered ones, through second order type multiple pathways. Three temperature induced peripheral actions have been described in our previous reports. The hydrostatic mechanism induces in the endolymph a gravity dependent transcupular stationary pressure difference. The(More)
Efficacy of the SPEAK and ACE coding strategies was compared with that of a new strategy, MP3000™, by 37 European implant centers including 221 subjects. The SPEAK and ACE strategies are based on selection of 8-10 spectral components with the highest levels, while MP3000 is based on the selection of only 4-6 components, with the highest levels relative to(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to evaluate the value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and gadolinium-enhanced dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for differentiating benign and malignant parotid gland tumors, and for characterizing the various histological types (pleomorphic adenoma, and Warthin's and malignant tumors). PATIENTS AND METHODS This(More)
OBJECTIVES Sinonasal sarcoidosis remains a poorly understood and uncommon chronic granulomatous disease of unclear origin. We have attempted to characterize the main clinical and radiologic criteria for diagnosis and to discuss the treatment. METHODS A retrospective study of 15 cases of chronic, symptomatic, and biopsy-proven sinonasal sarcoidosis and a(More)
INTRODUCTION Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a rare pathology caused by unexplained and variably localized leakage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The prime symptom is orthostatic headache, although other less specific clinical signs may predominate, and mislead diagnosis. CASE REPORT A 47-year-old man presented with Ménière-like symptoms of(More)
OBJECTIVES The authors present a retrospective study concerning cauterization by endoscopic approach of the sphenopalatine artery in the treatment of severe posterior epistaxis. The purpose is to evaluate the effectiveness of these therapeutics, their complications, to determine their indications and their contributions to the therapeutic arsenal of the(More)