Learn More
The messenger RNA processing reactions of capping, splicing, and polyadenylation occur cotranscriptionally. They not only influence one another's efficiency and specificity, but are also coordinated by transcription. The phosphorylated CTD of RNA polymerase II provides key molecular contacts with these mRNA processing reactions throughout transcriptional(More)
Reconstruction of a gene with its introns removed results in reduced levels of cytoplasmic mRNA. This is partly explained by introns promoting the export of mRNA through coupling splicing to nuclear export processes. However, we show here that splicing signals can have a direct role in enhancing gene transcription. Removal of promoter proximal splice(More)
We have analysed the sequences required for cleavage and polyadenylation in the intronless melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) pre-mRNA. Unlike other intronless genes, 3'end processing of the MC4R primary transcript is independent of any auxiliary sequence elements and only requires the core poly(A) sequences. Mutation of the AUUAAA hexamer had little effect on(More)
Polypyrimidine tract binding protein (PTB) is a major hnRNP protein with multiple roles in mRNA metabolism, including regulation of alternative splicing and internal ribosome entry site-driven translation. We show here that a fourfold overexpression of PTB results in a 75% reduction of mRNA levels produced from transfected gene constructs with different(More)
African trypanosomes are not passively transmitted, but they undergo several rounds of differentiation and proliferation within their intermediate host, the tsetse fly. At each stage, the survival and successful replication of the parasites improve their chances of continuing the life cycle, but little is known about specific molecules that contribute to(More)
Despite the many advantages of Caenorhabditis elegans, biochemical approaches to study tissue-specific gene expression in post-embryonic stages are challenging. Here, we report a novel experimental approach for efficient determination of tissue-specific transcriptomes involving the rapid release and purification of nuclei from major tissues of(More)
Cleavage and polyadenylation is an essential processing reaction required for the maturation of pre-mRNAs into stable, export- and translation-competent mature mRNA molecules. This reaction requires the assembly of a multimeric protein complex onto a bipartite core sequence element consisting of an AAUAAA hexamer and a GU/U-rich downstream sequence element.(More)
Synthesis of ribosomal RNA by RNA polymerase I (RNA pol I) is an elemental biological process and is key for cellular homeostasis. In a forward genetic screen in C. elegans designed to identify DNA damage-response factors, we isolated a point mutation of RNA pol I, rpoa-2(op259), that leads to altered rRNA synthesis and a concomitant resistance to ionizing(More)
Alternative splicing enables higher eukaryotes to increase their repertoire of proteins derived from a restricted number of genes. However, the possibility that functional diversity may also be augmented by splicing between adjacent genes has been largely neglected. Here, we show that the human melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) gene, a critical component of(More)
RNA polymerase II (Pol2) movement through chromatin and the co-transcriptional processing and fate of nascent transcripts is coordinated by transcription elongation factors (TEFs) such as polymerase-associated factor 1 (Paf1), but it is not known whether TEFs have gene-specific functions. Using strand-specific nucleotide resolution techniques, we show that(More)