André Drews

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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) on Enterococcus faecalis biofilms in artificially infected root canals using modified photosensitizers and passive ultrasonic activation. METHODS Two hundred and seventy extracted human teeth with one root canal were instrumented utilizing ProTaper files, autoclaved,(More)
Time-resolved x-ray microscopy is used to image the influence of alternating high-density currents on the magnetization dynamics of ferromagnetic vortices. Spin-torque-induced vortex gyration is observed in micrometer-sized permalloy squares. The phases of the gyration in structures with different chirality are compared to an analytical model and(More)
Small grid-connected photovoltaic systems up to 5 kW p are often not monitored because advanced surveillance systems are not economical. Hence, some system failures which lead to partial energy losses stay unnoticed for a long time. Even a failure that results in a larger energy deficit can be difficult to detect by PV laymen due to the fluctuating energy(More)
We experimentally study the magnetization dynamics of pairs of micron-sized permalloy squares coupled via their stray fields. The trajectories of the vortex cores in the Landau-domain patterns of the squares are mapped in real space using time-resolved scanning transmission x-ray microscopy. After excitation of one of the vortex cores with a short(More)
Keywords: Micromagnetic Stray-field Fast Fourier transform Tensor-grid method Low-rank magnetization Finite-element method a b s t r a c t Different numerical approaches for the stray-field calculation in the context of micromagnetic simulations are investigated. We compare finite difference based fast Fourier transform methods, tensor-grid methods and the(More)
The Failure Detection Routine is developed in the scope of the project PVSAT2, which is part of the EU programme " energy, environment and sustainable development " and is assisted in Switzerland by BBW. The project started in November 2002 und will last until October 2005. The commercial application will start in 2005. PURPOSE: Especially minor energy(More)
The influence of the magnetostatic interaction on vortex dynamics in arrays of ferromagnetic disks is investigated by means of a broadband ferromagnetic-resonance setup. Transmission spectra reveal a strong dependence of the resonance frequency of vortex-core motion on the ratio between the center-to-center distance and the element size. For a decreasing(More)
The interaction of a current-driven domain wall with an anisotropy boundary in nanowires with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy is investigated. A local reduction of the anisotropy constant is used to create an artificial boundary where the domain wall gets pinned. Micromagnetic simulations and analytical calculations, based on a one-dimensional model, are(More)
Topological singularities occur as antivortices in ferromagnetic thin-film microstructures. Antivortices behave as two-dimensional oscillators with a gyrotropic eigenmode which can be excited resonantly by spin currents and magnetic fields. We show that the two excitation types couple in an opposing sense of rotation in the case of resonant antivortex(More)
We investigate switching and field-driven domain wall motion in nanowires with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy comprising local modifications of the material parameters. Intentional nucleation and pinning sites with various geometries inside the nanowires are realized via a local reduction of the anisotropy constant. Micromagnetic simulations and(More)