André Dautigny

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The X-linked form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX) is associated with mutations in the gene encoding connexin32 (Cx32), which is expressed in Schwann cells. We have compared the functional properties of 11 Cx32 mutations with those of the wild-type protein by testing their ability to form intercellular channels in the paired oocyte expression system.(More)
Alexander disease (AXD) is the first primary astrocytic disorder. This encephalopathy is caused by dominant mutations in the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene, encoding the main intermediate filament of astrocyte. Pathologically, this neurodegenerative disease is characterised by dystrophic astrocytes containing intermediate filament aggregates(More)
RNA was extracted from five different rat brain regions during development, starting from embryonic day 15 (E15) until postnatal day 60 (P60). These RNA preparations were analyzed by both Northern and dot blot for their content of 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase (CNPase), myelin proteolipid protein (PLP), and myelin basic protein (MBP)(More)
We report neuropathological, biochemical and molecular studies on two patients with childhood ataxia with diffuse central nervous system hypomyelination (CACH) syndrome, a leukodystrophy recently defined according to clinical and radiological criteria. Both had severe cavitating orthochromatic leukodystrophy without atrophy, predominating in hemispheric(More)
Mutations affecting developmental processes may allow some insight into the complexity of the biological processes involved. In mice, two mutants that affect myelin formation in the central nervous system, jimpy and shiverer, have proved to be useful models for the study of this process. The predominant proteins in myelin are the major myelin proteolipid(More)
Myelin/oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG), a specific component of the mammalian central nervous system, is located on the surface of the oligodendrocyte plasma membrane and the outermost lamellae of mature myelin; it is expressed during the latter steps of myelinogenesis. It has been shown that MOG may play a pathological role in autoimmune demyelinating(More)
We explored mechanisms involved in B cell self-tolerance against brain autoantigens in a double-transgenic mouse model carrying the Ig H-chain (introduced by gene replacement) and/or the L-chain kappa (conventional transgenic) of the mAb 8.18C5, specific for the myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG). Previously, we demonstrated that B cells expressing(More)
The expression of NF-H neurofilament subunit mRNAs was investigated in the rat brain at different ontogenic stages. The levels of NF-H mRNAs vary 15-fold among brain regions with the highest level in the brainstem. In situ localization studies revealed that the NF-H mRNAs are mainly concentrated in the brainstem motoneuron nuclei. By increasing the(More)
Myelin/oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) is a minor integral membrane protein specific to CNS myelin, encoded by a gene located in the major histocompatibility complex. MOG is an highly encephalitogenic autoantigen and a target for autoaggressive immune responses in CNS inflammatory demyelinating diseases. We performed transcriptomic analyses for a gene(More)
The myelin-associated proteolipid protein, PLP, is one of the two major components of the central nervous system (CNS) myelin. We analyze, by using a rat PLP cDNA and S1 nuclease protection experiments, the PLP transcripts in the mouse brain and show that the PLP gene encodes two different but related mRNA transcripts, the PLP and the DM-20 transcripts. On(More)