André Dautigny

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Heterozygous, de novo mutations in the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene have recently been reported in 12 patients affected by neuropathologically proved Alexander disease. We searched for GFAP mutations in a series of patients who had heterogeneous clinical symptoms but were candidates for Alexander disease on the basis of suggestive(More)
The X-linked form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX) is associated with mutations in the gene encoding connexin32 (Cx32), which is expressed in Schwann cells. We have compared the functional properties of 11 Cx32 mutations with those of the wild-type protein by testing their ability to form intercellular channels in the paired oocyte expression system.(More)
X-linked dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMTX) neuropathy has been mapped to the Xq13 region. Subsequently, several mutations that could account for CMTX have been detected in the coding part of the connexin32 (Cx32) gene, which is located within this region. In order to develop more specific diagnostic tools, we have begun a systematic screening of families(More)
The complete 129-amino-acid sequences of two rainbow trout lysozymes (I and II) isolated from kidney were established using protein chemistry microtechniques. The two sequences differ only at position 86, I having aspartic acid and II having alanine. A cDNA clone coding for rainbow trout lysozyme was isolated from a cDNA library made from liver mRNA.(More)
Alexander disease (AXD) is the first primary astrocytic disorder. This encephalopathy is caused by dominant mutations in the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene, encoding the main intermediate filament of astrocyte. Pathologically, this neurodegenerative disease is characterised by dystrophic astrocytes containing intermediate filament aggregates(More)
Myelin/oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) is expressed specifically in the central nervous system (CNS) by myelinating glial cells, the oligodendrocytes. The external location of MOG on myelin sheaths and its late expression during myelinogenesis argue for a role of MOG in the completion of myelin and maintenance of its integrity. MOG is a target(More)
We have isolated and characterized genomic clones containing the mouse myelin/oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) gene. It spans a region of 12.5 kb and consists of eight exons. Its exon-intron structure differs from that of classical MHC-class I genes, with which it is linked in the mouse genome. Nucleotide sequencing of the 5' flanking region reveals that(More)
Myelin/oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) is found on the surface of myelinating oligodendrocytes and external lamellae of myelin sheaths in the central nervous system, and it is a target antigen in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and multiple sclerosis. We have isolated bovine, mouse, and rat MOG cDNA clones and shown that the developmental(More)
Mutations in the gene for connexin 32 are associated with a chromosome X-linked form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. The prevalence of this form is probably underestimated. We screened 12 candidate families and found 7 missense mutations of which 4 are new. These mutations are located in intra- and extramembraneous parts of the protein. Some mutations are(More)
We report studies on two patients (a mother and her daughter) presenting with a Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 1 (CMT1) phenotype: low nerve conduction velocities of 13-15 m/s and an early onset at the age of walking. DNA analysis of the gene coding for the major peripheral myelin protein PO showed a new point mutation in exon 2, which resulted in substitution of(More)