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  • Catherine Ressot, Philippe Latour, +9 authors D. Pham-Dinh
  • 1996
X-linked dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMTX) neuropathy has been mapped to the Xq13 region. Subsequently, several mutations that could account for CMTX have been detected in the coding part of the connexin32 (Cx32) gene, which is located within this region. In order to develop more specific diagnostic tools, we have begun a systematic screening of families(More)
Myelin/oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) is found on the surface of myelinating oligodendrocytes and external lamellae of myelin sheaths in the central nervous system, and it is a target antigen in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and multiple sclerosis. We have isolated bovine, mouse, and rat MOG cDNA clones and shown that the developmental(More)
We studied the immunological basis for the very potent encephalitogenicity of myelin/oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG), a minor component of myelin in the CNS that is widely used to induce experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). For this purpose, we generated a mutant mouse lacking a functional mog gene. This MOG-deficient mouse presents no(More)
We have isolated and characterized genomic clones containing the mouse myelin/oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) gene. It spans a region of 12.5 kb and consists of eight exons. Its exon-intron structure differs from that of classical MHC-class I genes, with which it is linked in the mouse genome. Nucleotide sequencing of the 5' flanking region reveals that(More)
The X-linked form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX) is associated with mutations in the gene encoding connexin32 (Cx32), which is expressed in Schwann cells. We have compared the functional properties of 11 Cx32 mutations with those of the wild-type protein by testing their ability to form intercellular channels in the paired oocyte expression system.(More)
Myelin/oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) is expressed specifically in the central nervous system (CNS) by myelinating glial cells, the oligodendrocytes. The external location of MOG on myelin sheaths and its late expression during myelinogenesis argue for a role of MOG in the completion of myelin and maintenance of its integrity. MOG is a target(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth type (CMT1) disease or hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy type I (HMSNI) is an autosomal dominant peripheral neuropathy. In most CMT1 families, the disease cosegregates with a 1.5-Mb duplication on chromosome 17p11.2 (CMT1A). A few patients have been found with mutations in the peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP-22) gene located in(More)
The myelin-associated proteolipid protein, PLP, is one of the two major components of the central nervous system (CNS) myelin. We analyze, by using a rat PLP cDNA and S1 nuclease protection experiments, the PLP transcripts in the mouse brain and show that the PLP gene encodes two different but related mRNA transcripts, the PLP and the DM-20 transcripts. On(More)
Alexander disease (AXD) is the first primary astrocytic disorder. This encephalopathy is caused by dominant mutations in the glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene, encoding the main intermediate filament of astrocyte. Pathologically, this neurodegenerative disease is characterised by dystrophic astrocytes containing intermediate filament aggregates(More)
Among the central nervous system (CNS) dysmyelinating disorders, Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease (PMD) has been individualized by its X-linked mode of inheritance and the existence of corresponding animal models. Mutations in the major myelin proteolipid (PLP) gene coding for PLP and its splicing variant DM20 protein, have been demonstrated in animal mutants(More)