André Catic

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Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular bacterium that causes a variety of diseases in humans. C. trachomatis has a complex developmental cycle that depends on host cells for replication, during which gene expression is tightly regulated. Here we identify two C. trachomatis proteases that possess deubiquitinating and deneddylating activities. We(More)
The posttranslational modifier ubiquitin is encoded by a multigene family containing three primary members, which yield the precursor protein polyubiquitin and two ubiquitin moieties, Ub(L40) and Ub(S27), that are fused to the ribosomal proteins L40 and S27, respectively. The gene encoding polyubiquitin is highly conserved and, until now, those encoding(More)
MOTIVATION The conjugation of ubiquitin to target molecules involves several enzymatic steps. Little is known about the specificity of ubiquitination. How E3 ligases select their substrate and which lysines are targeted for ubiquitin conjugation is largely an enigma. The object of this study is to identify preferred ubiquitination sites. Genetic approaches(More)
Transcription factor activity and turnover are functionally linked, but the global patterns by which DNA-bound regulators are eliminated remain poorly understood. We established an assay to define the chromosomal location of DNA-associated proteins that are slated for degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome system. The genome-wide map described here ties(More)
Like their normal hematopoietic stem cell counterparts, leukemia stem cells (LSCs) in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are presumed to reside in specific niches in the bone marrow microenvironment (BMM) and may be the cause of relapse following chemotherapy. Targeting the niche is a new strategy to eliminate persistent and(More)
The addition of ubiquitin (Ub) and ubiquitin-like (Ubl) modifiers to proteins serves to modulate function and is a key step in protein degradation, epigenetic modification and intracellular localization. Deubiquitinating enzymes and Ubl-specific proteases, the proteins responsible for the removal of Ub and Ubls, act as an additional level of control over(More)
BACKGROUND The family of ubiquitin-like molecules (UbLs) comprises several members, each of which has sequence, structural, or functional similarity to ubiquitin. ISG15 is a homolog of ubiquitin in vertebrates and is strongly upregulated following induction by type I interferon. ISG15 can be covalently attached to proteins, analogous to ubiquitination and(More)
Ubiquitination is a post-translational modification implicated in a variety of cellular functions, including transcriptional regulation, protein degradation and membrane protein trafficking. Ubiquitin and the enzymes that act on it, although conserved and essential in eukaryotes, have not been well studied in parasites, despite sequencing of several(More)
The continuous generation of short-lived blood cells depends on tightly controlled proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic progenitors. Changes in gene expression are part of this developmental program, orchestrated by a combination of epigenetic, transcriptional, and RNA-based events. However, the aforementioned molecular processes only affect(More)