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The precise interpretation of environmental sulfur isotope records requires a quantitative understanding of the biochemical controls on sulfur isotope fractionation by the principle isotope-fractionating process within the S cycle, microbial sulfate reduction (MSR). Here we provide the only direct observation of the major ((34)S/(32)S) and minor(More)
The processing capabilities of mobile devices coupled with portable and wearable sensors provide the basis for new context-aware services and applications tailored to the user environment and its daily activities. In this article, we describe the approach developed within the UPCASE project, which makes use of sensors available in the mobile device as well(More)
The growing processing capabilities of mobile devices coupled with portable and wearable sensors have enabled the development of context-aware services tailored to the user environment and its daily activities. The problem of determining the user context at each particular point in time is one of the main challenges in this area. In this paper, we describe(More)
Microbial sulfate reduction has governed Earth's biogeochemical sulfur cycle for at least 2.5 billion years. However, the enzymatic mechanisms behind this pathway are incompletely understood, particularly for the reduction of sulfite-a key intermediate in the pathway. This critical reaction is performed by DsrAB, a widespread enzyme also involved in other(More)
The need to improve communication between humans and computers has been instrumental in defining new communication models, and accordingly, new ways of interacting with machines. The use of gestures as a means of communication has been a challenging task. The latest generation of smartphones boasts powerful processors and built-in video cameras, making them(More)
Developing applications for resource-constrained embedded systems is a challenging task specially when applications must adapt to changes in their operating conditions or environment. To ensure an appropriate response at all times, it is highly desirable to develop applications that can dynamically adapt their behavior at run-time. In this paper we(More)
Home and Building Automation Systems (HBAS) are becoming of widespread adoption. When distinct users interact with such systems, their intentions are likely to be different, often resulting in conflicting situations, which the systems ought to recognize and resolve automatically. This work aims at investigating conflict in HBAS and creating a solution to(More)
Context-aware mobile applications can benefit from context inference adaptation based on run-time operating conditions, such as battery life or sensor availability. Developing applications with such adaptable behavior, however, is notoriously cumbersome, as developers need to deal with low-level system interfacing and programming issues. In this paper we(More)