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BACKGROUND Progressive activation delay starting at long coupling intervals of premature stimuli has been shown to correlate with sudden cardiac death in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of increased activation delay in chronically diseased myocardium. METHODS AND RESULTS High-resolution(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism of ECG changes and arrhythmogenesis in Brugada syndrome (BS) patients is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS A BS patient without clinically detected cardiac structural abnormalities underwent cardiac transplantation for intolerable numbers of implantable cardioverter/defibrillator discharges. The patient's explanted heart was studied(More)
BACKGROUND Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation provides curative treatment for idiopathic ventricular tachycardia (VT). METHODS AND RESULTS Nineteen consecutive patients with an idiopathic VT underwent RF catheter ablation. An integrated 3-phase mapping approach was used, consisting of the successive application of online 62-lead body surface QRS(More)
Analysis of multichannel ECG recordings (body surface maps (BSMs) and intracardial maps) requires special software. We created a software package and a user interface on top of a commercial data analysis package (MATLAB) by a combination of high-level and low-level programming. Our software was created to satisfy the needs of a diverse group of researchers.(More)
To estimate conduction velocities from activation times in myocardial tissue, the "average vector" method computes all the local activation directions and velocities from local activation times and estimates the fastest and slowest propagation speed from these local values. The "single vector" method uses areas of apparent uniform elliptical spread of(More)
BACKGROUND Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in patients is often initiated by foci in the pulmonary veins. The mechanism of these initiating arrhythmias is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine electrophysiological characteristics of canine pulmonary veins that may predispose to initiating arrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS Extracellular recordings(More)
The sequences of activation and recovery of the heart have physiological and clinical relevance. We report on progress made over the last years in the method that images these timings based on an equivalent double layer on the myocardial surface serving as the equivalent source of cardiac activity, with local transmembrane potentials (TMP) acting as their(More)
Monomorphic ventricular tachycardia and ventricular extrasystoles have a specific exit site that can be localized using the multichannel surface electrocardiogram (ECG) and a database of paced ECG recordings. An algorithm is presented that improves on previous methods by providing a continuous estimate of the coordinates of the exit site instead of(More)
BACKGROUND Thoracoscopic pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and ganglionated plexus ablation is a novel approach in the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). We hypothesize that meticulous electrophysiological confirmation of PVI results in fewer recurrences of AF during follow-up. METHODS AND RESULTS Surgery was performed through 3 ports bilaterally.(More)
BACKGROUND Brugada syndrome (BrS) is associated with lethal arrhythmias, which are linked to specific ST-segment changes (type-1 BrS-ECG) and the right ventricle (RV). The pathophysiological basis of the arrhythmias and type-1 BrS-ECG is unresolved. We studied the electrophysiological characteristics of the RV endocardium in BrS. METHODS AND RESULTS RV(More)