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BACKGROUND Progressive activation delay starting at long coupling intervals of premature stimuli has been shown to correlate with sudden cardiac death in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mechanism of increased activation delay in chronically diseased myocardium. METHODS AND RESULTS High-resolution(More)
BACKGROUND The Brugada sign has been associated with mutations in SCN5A and with right ventricular structural abnormalities. Their role in the Brugada sign and the associated ventricular arrhythmias is unknown. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to delineate the role of structural abnormalities and sodium channel dysfunction in the Brugada sign. (More)
A design for patient isolation in 64-channel ECG recordings is presented. Small dimensions of the isolated section and the use of an optical fiber as the only connection between the isolated section and the grounded section of the measurement system ensured a minimal capacitance between the patient and the environment. The consistent low-power design of the(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism of ECG changes and arrhythmogenesis in Brugada syndrome (BS) patients is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS A BS patient without clinically detected cardiac structural abnormalities underwent cardiac transplantation for intolerable numbers of implantable cardioverter/defibrillator discharges. The patient's explanted heart was studied(More)
BACKGROUND Activation recovery intervals (ARIs) and monophasic action potential (MAP) duration are used as measures of action potential duration in beating hearts. However, controversies exist concerning the correct way to record MAPs or calculate ARIs. We have addressed these issues experimentally. OBJECTIVES To experimentally address the controversies(More)
Analysis of multichannel ECG recordings (body surface maps (BSMs) and intracardial maps) requires special software. We created a software package and a user interface on top of a commercial data analysis package (MATLAB) by a combination of high-level and low-level programming. Our software was created to satisfy the needs of a diverse group of researchers.(More)
BACKGROUND Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in patients is often initiated by foci in the pulmonary veins. The mechanism of these initiating arrhythmias is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine electrophysiological characteristics of canine pulmonary veins that may predispose to initiating arrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS Extracellular recordings(More)
BACKGROUND Radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation provides curative treatment for idiopathic ventricular tachycardia (VT). METHODS AND RESULTS Nineteen consecutive patients with an idiopathic VT underwent RF catheter ablation. An integrated 3-phase mapping approach was used, consisting of the successive application of online 62-lead body surface QRS(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to analyze the electrophysiologic remodeling of the atrophic left ventricle (LV) in right ventricular (RV) failure (RVF) after RV pressure overload. BACKGROUND The LV in pressure-induced RVF develops dysfunction, reduction in mass, and altered gene expression, due to atrophic remodeling. LV atrophy is associated(More)
Successful curative treatment of right atrial tachycardia (AT) can be obtained provided detailed catheter activation mapping of the target site for radiofrequency energy application has been accomplished. However, right AT mapping may be difficult with a single roving catheter due to infrequent presence or noninducibility of the arrhythmia. The present(More)