André Briguet

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At chemical synapses, neurotransmitter receptors are concentrated in the postsynaptic membrane. During the development of the neuromuscular junction, motor neurons induce aggregation of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) underneath the nerve terminal by the redistribution of existing AChRs and preferential transcription of the AChR subunit genes in subsynaptic(More)
The stimulated-echo acquisition mode-Burst sequence is a single-shot, multi-slice imaging technique that does not involve rapid gradient switching. A Burst excitation pulse train is followed by a 90 degrees hard pulse and, after a mixing time, by a 90 degrees slice-selective pulse. A read gradient refocuses a set of stimulated echoes, which can be(More)
The assessment of both pulmonary perfusion and ventilation is of crucial importance for a proper diagnosis of some lung diseases such as pulmonary embolism. In this study, we demonstrate the feasibility of combined magnetic resonance imaging lung ventilation and perfusion performed serially in rat lungs. Lung ventilation function was assessed using(More)
BACKGROUND Present developments in Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) imaging techniques strive for improved spatial and temporal resolution performances. However, trying to achieve the shortest gradient rising time with high intensity gradients has its drawbacks: It generates high amplitude noises that get superimposed on the simultaneously recorded(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using laser-polarized noble gases, such as (129)Xe and (3)He, allows unparalleled noninvasive information on gas distribution in lung airways and distal spaces. In addition to pulmonary ventilation, lung perfusion assessment is crucial for proper diagnosis of pathological conditions, such as pulmonary embolism. Magnetic(More)
In this work, the use of a new carrier agent for intravascular laser-polarized 3He imaging is reported. Lipid-based helium microbubbles were investigated. Their average diameter of 3 microm, which is smaller than that of the capillaries, makes it possible to conduct in vivo studies. The NMR relaxation parameters T1, T2, and T2* of a microbubble suspension(More)
A new data processing method for in vivo NMR data quantitation is presented. This method (EPLPSVD) is based on the enhancement procedure (EP) proposed by J. A. Cadzow (IEEE Trans. Acoust. Speech Signal Process. 36, 49, 1988) followed by the usual linear prediction method using the singular value decomposition (LPSVD). The evaluation of this protocol is(More)
Mouse cardiac MR gating using ECG is affected by the hostile MR environment. It requires appropriate signal processing and correct QRS detection, but gating software methods are currently limited. In this study we sought to demonstrate the feasibility of digital real-time automatically updated gating methods, based on optimizing a signal-processing(More)