André Bleich

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BACKGROUND Probiotics are proposed to positively modulate the intestinal epithelial barrier formed by intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and intercellular junctions. Disruption of this border alters paracellular permeability and is a key mechanism for the development of enteric infections and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs). METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL(More)
BACKGROUND Colitis susceptibility in Il10(-/-) mice depends on genetic background and microbiota composition. A major genetic locus mediating colitis susceptibility, Cdcs1, was transferred from susceptible C3Bir-Il10(-/-) to resistant B6-Il10(-/-) mice, resulting in susceptible congenic BC-R3-Il10(-/-) mice. The aim of this study was to determine the impact(More)
BACKGROUND Substance P (SP) is a pro-inflammatory neuropeptide in colitis, whereas sympathetic neurotransmitters are anti-inflammatory at high concentrations. AIM AND METHODS In all layers of the colon, nerve fibre densities of SP(+) and sympathetic nerve fibres were investigated (22 Crohn's disease, six diverticulitis, and 22 controls). In addition, the(More)
Necroptosis has emerged as an important pathway of programmed cell death in embryonic development, tissue homeostasis, immunity and inflammation. RIPK1 is implicated in inflammatory and cell death signalling and its kinase activity is believed to drive RIPK3-mediated necroptosis. Here we show that kinase-independent scaffolding RIPK1 functions regulate(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Recently, we demonstrated a proinflammatory effect of cytosin-guanosin dinucleotide (CpG)-oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) treatment in established dextran sulphate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Here, we investigated whether DNA derived from luminal bacteria plays a role in the perpetuation of chronic intestinal inflammation. METHODS Toll-like(More)
The gut microbiota (GM) composition and its impact on animal experiments has become currently dramatically relevant in our days: (1) recent progress in metagenomic technologies, (2) the availability of large scale quantitative analyses to characterize even subtle phenotypes, (3) the limited diversity of laboratory rodent GM due to strict barriers at(More)
Induction of inflammatory bowel (IBD)-like disease in mice by a targeted mutation in the Il10 gene (Il10(-/-)) is inbred strain dependent. C3H/HeJBir (C3) mice are colitis susceptible, whereas C57BL/6J (B6) mice are resistant. Genetic dissection of this susceptibility revealed 10 colitogenic quantitative trait loci (QTL). The aim of this study was to(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic debilitating disease resulting from a complex interaction of multiple genetic factors with the environment. To identify modifier genes of IBD, we used an F2 intercross of IBD-resistant C57BL/6J-Il10−/− mice and IBD-susceptible C3H/HeJBir-Il10−/− (C3Bir-Il10−/−) mice. We found a prominent involvement of lymphatic(More)
The structure of the human gut microbial community is determined by host genetics and environmental factors, where alterations in its structure have been associated with the onset of different diseases. Establishing a defined human gut microbial community within inbred rodent models provides a means to study microbial-related pathologies, however, an(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a critical public health issue; more and more people are affected, but treatment options remain limited. Complement activation and the anaphylatoxin C5a have been shown to play a role in IBD. In this study, mouse models of acute and chronic dextran sulfate-induced colitis were used to further elucidate the(More)