André Bigand

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A new fuzzy image filter controlled by interval-valued fuzzy sets (IVFS) is proposed for removing noise from images. The proposed approach is based on IVFS entropy application. IVFS makes it possible to take into account the total uncertainty inherent to image processing, and particularly noise removal is considered. Interval-valued fuzzy sets entropy is(More)
A no-reference image quality metric detecting both blur and noise is proposed in this paper. The proposed metric is based on IFS2 entropy applied on computer-generated images and does not require any edge detection. Its value drops either when the test image becomes blurred or corrupted by random noise. It can be thought of as an indicator of the signal to(More)
This paper proposes a reduced reference quality assessment model based on spiking neural network (SNN) in order to predict which image highlights perceptual noise in unbiased global illumination algorithms. These algorithms provide photo-realistic images by increasing the number of paths as proved by Monte Carlo theory. The objective is to find the number(More)
— Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) is a simple but widely used algorithm in pattern recognition. However it has some shortcomings in that it is sensitive to outliers and limited to linearly separable cases. To solve this problem a new version of nonlinear discriminant algorithm is proposed. This new version, SC-LLE, uses LDA combined with LLE method to(More)
— Phytoplankton plays an important role in marine ecosystem. It is defined as a biological factor to assess marine quality. The identification of phytoplankton species has a high potential for monitoring environmental, climate changes and for evaluating water quality. However, phytoplankton species identification is not an easy task owing to their(More)
Global illumination methods are used to simulate lighting in 3D scenes. They provide a progressive convergence to high quality photo-realistic images as proved by Monte Carlo theory. One of the problem of such methods is to determine a stopping condition in order to decide if the computation reaches a satisfactory convergence which allows the process to(More)