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We measured changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) induced by reading, naming, and the Stroop effect in 12 right-handed normal volunteers. rCBF was quantified with a single-photon emission computerized tomograph after intravenous injection of 133Xe. Data were analyzed using predetermined regions of interest and a linear model. A significant relative(More)
Seventy-four measurements of cerebral blood flow (CBF) were performed using the Xenon 133 inhalation method in 50 cases of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. This method is non-traumatic, reproducible and dependable. A correlation was found between clinical condition and CBF values, but in a number of cases which cannot be dismissed, very low mean CBF(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Asymptomatic cerebral emboli may be detected in patients with carotid stenosis by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography of the middle cerebral artery (MCA). The aim of this study was to determine the angiographic correlates of such embolic signals. METHODS Doppler signals from 48 MCAs in 26 patients with carotid stenosis that was(More)
This report describes the pathological changes observed in the brain of a 18-year-old patient who died with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) of the ataxic and panencephalopathic type. Clinically, the disease began at age 17 with a rapidly progressive cerebellar syndrome, associated with myoclonus and mental deterioration. Cranial CT scan and MRI showed minor(More)
Dopaminergic influence upon cerebral circulation was studied in 12 adult mongrel dogs, local cerebral blood flow (lCBF) being measured by the microspheres method. The intravenous injection of apomorphine (0.1 mg/kg) produced heterogeneous effects on lCBF; an increase in lCBF reaching the level of statistical significance was observed in frontal and sensory(More)
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured in 13 subjects (4 men and 9 women, mean age +/- SD = 63 +/- 7) with moderate, uncomplicated and untreated hypertension and 11 normotensive subjects (6 men and 5 women, mean age +/- SD = 66 +/- 5). A second CBF measurement was performed in hypertensive subjects after a 60 days randomized double blind treatment with(More)
In 17 moderate hypertensive patients (mean age = 67 +/- 8.8) the effects of a chronic oral administration of the beta blocking agent acebutolol on regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was studied using the non invasive 133 Xenon inhalation technique. The results was compared to the rCBF obtained in an age matched normal control group. Our study shows that(More)
BACKGROUND This is the first simulation of a 14-d lunar mission including 6 d on the Moon. HYPOTHESIS We hypothesized that a lunar gravity simulation in the middle of a head-down tilt (HDT) might result in some reversal of body fluid/hormonal responses, and influence cardiovascular deconditioning. METHODS Six men (28 +/- 2.5 yr) were placed in bed rest(More)
Patients with migraine show a hypersensitivity to dopamine or its agonists. One of these, piribedil, was administered as 0.1 mg/kg intravenously over 30 min to subjects with either migraine or other types of headache. This test provoked in migraine patients an increase of the cerebral blood flow and the peripheral signs of dopamine hypersensitivity:- nausea(More)