André Büssing

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AIMS OF THE STUDY Previous research on the role of tacit knowledge is ambiguous. Some studies show the superiority of expertise, while other studies found experts would not be better than laymen. This paper aims at clarifying the contribution of tacit knowledge to expertise in the domain of nursing. BACKGROUND Two important concepts for dealing with(More)
This article describes the development of the Violence and Aggression in Health Care Questionnaire (VAQ) and the application of the measure in the field of home care. In a 1st sample of 361 German home care workers, the scales of the VAQ reached internal consistencies from .72 to .93. A confirmatory factor analysis gave evidence to the hypothesized factor(More)
This study investigated different ways in which work stressors, sense of coherence (SOC), and negative affectivity (NA) might influence strain. Three models covering direct, moderating, and mediating effects between the variables were tested for hyperresponsitivity, causality, perception, selection, and stressor-creation mechanisms. The sample consisted of(More)
The authors describe recent developments in the German health care system. A taking stock of the current state of hospital information system implementations in Germany leads to the conclusion that up to now no integrated hospital information system can be found, but that the awareness for the necessity of such a system is growing. Anticipated challenges(More)
OBJECTIVES The presented laboratory study explores the relationship between the care information system PIK and its users, focusing on intuitive program usage, occurring errors, the usefulness of the evaluation method, and the role of person related variables. METHODS Three studies were conducted. While thinking aloud, a sample of 26 participants(More)
In this article two recent developments in the German health care system are outlined. On one side, an increasing economic pressure and legal changes on the German health care system lead to growing computerization in German hospitals. On the other side, a shift from functional to holistic nursing is observed. The question is raised if within the paradigm(More)
The paper introduces a holistic concept of quality management in hospitals--the approach of employee and patient orientation ("MPO-Mitarbeiter- und Patientenorientierung"). It is shown that quality in health care does not primarily depend on the regulation of quantitative input and output of the health care system but is largely determined by improvements(More)
This study is concerned with the impact of job expectations and job competence in the development of burnout. In an intercultural and longitudinal comparison expectations of job competence of US and German nursing students are investigated by means of half-standardized interviews at the end of their training. First results indicate that American nursing(More)