André Büssing

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This study investigated different ways in which work stressors, sense of coherence (SOC), and negative affectivity (NA) might influence strain. Three models covering direct, moderating, and mediating effects between the variables were tested for hyperresponsitivity, causality, perception, selection, and stressor-creation mechanisms. The sample consisted of(More)
AIMS OF THE STUDY Previous research on the role of tacit knowledge is ambiguous. Some studies show the superiority of expertise, while other studies found experts would not be better than laymen. This paper aims at clarifying the contribution of tacit knowledge to expertise in the domain of nursing. BACKGROUND Two important concepts for dealing with(More)
This article describes the development of the Violence and Aggression in Health Care Questionnaire (VAQ) and the application of the measure in the field of home care. In a 1st sample of 361 German home care workers, the scales of the VAQ reached internal consistencies from .72 to .93. A confirmatory factor analysis gave evidence to the hypothesized factor(More)
The authors describe recent developments in the German health care system. A taking stock of the current state of hospital information system implementations in Germany leads to the conclusion that up to now no integrated hospital information system can be found, but that the awareness for the necessity of such a system is growing. Anticipated challenges(More)
OBJECTIVES The presented laboratory study explores the relationship between the care information system PIK and its users, focusing on intuitive program usage, occurring errors, the usefulness of the evaluation method, and the role of person related variables. METHODS Three studies were conducted. While thinking aloud, a sample of 26 participants(More)
In this article two recent developments in the German health care system are outlined. On one side, an increasing economic pressure and legal changes on the German health care system lead to growing computerization in German hospitals. On the other side, a shift from functional to holistic nursing is observed. The question is raised if within the paradigm(More)
A project aiming at the implementation of a holistic nursing system was conducted on selected wards of a general hospital. The results of a formative evaluation are presented from a work psychological perspective. The reorganisation of nursing led to a higher degree of patient and employee orientation. Most aspects of nurses' work load were reduced but the(More)
The article relates the terms intuition, tacit knowledge and experience and describes their meaning for nursing. An empirical study with 16 experienced nurses is presented whereby the nurses had to deal with a simulated critical nursing situation. Basing on their actions a method for explication of action-guiding tacit knowledge was developed so that a(More)
In einem Allgemeinkrankenhaus der Regelversorgung wurde eine Organisationsentwicklung mit dem Ziel initiiert, sowohl die Qualität der Patientenversorgung als auch die Qualität des Arbeitslebens zu verbessern. Dazu wurde auf vier Stationen der Inneren Medizin und der Chirurgie im Rahmen eines dreijährigen Modellvorhabens ein ganzheitliches Pflegesystem(More)