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OBJECTIVE To determine, using the Muscular Utilization Ratio (MUR) method, whether plantarflexor weakness is among the factors preventing stroke subjects from walking at faster speeds. Potential compensations by the hip flexors were also examined. DESIGN A convenience sample of 17 chronic stroke subjects in a context of a descriptive study. BACKGROUND(More)
The goal of the present study was to compare electromyogram (EMG) power spectra obtained from step (constant force level) and ramp (progressive increase in the force level) isometric contractions. Data windows of different durations were also analysed for the step contractions, in order to evaluate the stability of EMG power spectrum statistics. Fourteen(More)
PURPOSE To establish the prevalence of panic disorder in emergency department (ED) chest pain patients; compare psychological distress and recent suicidal ideation in panic and non-panic disorder patients; assess psychiatric and cardiac comorbidity; and examine physician recognition of this disorder. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey (for psychiatric data).(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess different measurement strategies to increase the reliability of different electromyographic (EMG) indices developed for the assessment of back muscle impairments. Forty male volunteers (20 controls and 20 chronic low back pain patients) were assessed on three sessions at least 2 days apart within 2 weeks. Surface EMG(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the short-term effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS; 99 Hz; 250 ms pulses) on H-reflex and spinal spasticity. Considering the reflex hyperexcitability commonly displayed in spinal cord-injured subjects, it was hypothesized that repetitive low threshold afferent stimulation would have an(More)
In gait studies, minor importance has been generally given to the aspect of symmetry. Consequently, an unstated assumption has been that the right and left legs present symmetrical outcomes. The purpose of the present study was to verify this assumption throughout the use of electromyographic (EMG) profiles of activity from the two legs during gait. Eight(More)
Inferior subluxation of the shoulder in hemiplegia was measured using a tridimensional (3-D) x-ray technique. This technique gave the true vertical distance separating the apex of the humeral head and the inferior margin of the glenoid cavity. Both shoulders of each subject were evaluated and the difference used as a measure of subluxation. This measure was(More)
The use of trade, firm, or corporation names in this publication is for the information and convenience of the reader. Such use does not constitute an official endorsement or approval by the Government of British Columbia of any product or service to the exlusion of any others that may also be suitable. Contents of this report are presented for discussion(More)
There is widespread concern that fire exclusion has led to an unprecedented threat of uncharacteristically severe fires in ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex. Laws) and mixed-conifer forests of western North America. These extensive montane forests are considered to be adapted to a low/moderate-severity fire regime that maintained stands of(More)