André A. D. P. Souza

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This paper examines the effects of birth order on the child labor incidence and school attendance of Brazilian children. Evidence from the psychology and sociology literature suggests that earlier-born children tend to have higher innate abilities. The economic implications of these findings are that earlier-born children may have more intra-household(More)
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This paper we examine intra-household gender differences and the incidence of child labor and children's school attendance in Brazil to test whether the unitary model of household allocations is suitable in the child labor context. We begin by building an intra-household allocation model where fathers and mothers may affect the education investment and the(More)
BACKGROUND Anatomic segmentectomy has been proposed as a reasonable alternative to lobectomy in the management of small early-stage non-small cell lung cancers. We reviewed our outcomes with anatomic segmentectomy versus lobectomy for stages IA and IB non-small cell lung cancer stratified by age and stage. METHODS We conducted a retrospective review of(More)
This paper explores the question: is working as a child harmful to an individual in terms of adult outcomes in earnings? Although this is an extremely important question, little is known about the effect of child labor on adult outcomes. Estimations of an instrumental variables earnings model on data from Brazil show that child labor has a large negative(More)
ACME, an automated tool for generating and evaluating the quality of VoIP calls, is presented. ACME examines the availability of bandwidth and processing capacity to determine the largest number of simultaneous calls that a node can operate in a given topology, besides supporting pre-programmed schedule of VoIP experiments. Demos of ACME usage as a capacity(More)
Requirements for growth in the different sexes remain poorly quantified in goats. The objective of this study was to develop equations for estimating net protein (NPG) and net energy (NEG) for growth in Saanen goats of different sexes from 5 to 45 kg of body weight (BW). A data set from 7 comparative slaughter studies (238 individual records) of Saanen(More)
BACKGROUND We present the perioperative outcomes of patients undergoing an anterior "extended Chamberlain" minithoracotomy as an alternative approach to a hemi-clamshell sternotomy or extended lateral thoracotomy for safe and reliable access to the pulmonary hilum and subsequent anatomic pulmonary resection. METHODS This study is a retrospective review of(More)