André A. D. P. Souza

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This paper examines the effects of birth order on the child labor incidence and school attendance of Brazilian children. Evidence from the psychology and sociology literature suggests that earlier-born children tend to have higher innate abilities. The economic implications of these findings are that earlier-born children may have more intra-household(More)
Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of the institute. Research disseminated by IZA may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between(More)
This paper we examine intra-household gender differences and the incidence of child labor and children's school attendance in Brazil to test whether the unitary model of household allocations is suitable in the child labor context. We begin by building an intra-household allocation model where fathers and mothers may affect the education investment and the(More)
This paper explores the question: is working as a child harmful to an individual in terms of adult outcomes in earnings? Although this is an extremely important question, little is known about the effect of child labor on adult outcomes. Estimations of an instrumental variables earnings model on data from Brazil show that child labor has a large negative(More)
Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of IZA. Research published in this series may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between science,(More)
Professional Honors The IZA Prize in labor economics, awarded by the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn Germany for outstanding academic achievement in the field of labor economics, 2010. Minnesota Award awarded by the University of Minnesota for the best article during the past two years on the role of institutions in the labor market. Named(More)
ACME, an automated tool for generating and evaluating the quality of VoIP calls, is presented. ACME examines the availability of bandwidth and processing capacity to determine the largest number of simultaneous calls that a node can operate in a given topology, besides supporting pre-programmed schedule of VoIP experiments. Demos of ACME usage as a capacity(More)
This paper explores the question: is working as a child harmful to an individual in terms of adult outcomes in earnings? Though an extremely important question, there are currently no good estimates of the effect of child labor on adult outcomes. This question is explored through the utilization of a unique set of instruments that control for the decision(More)
In this paper I examine the sources of wage inequality changes among prime age male workers in Brazil during the 1980's and 1990's. Inequality increased in the 1980's and decreased in the 1990's. I begin by decomposing these changes into three effects. First, the effect due to changes in the skill distribution of the workers; second, the effect due to(More)
This work is part of the Sustainable Employment Initiative, jointly sponsored by the Russell Sage Foundation and the Century Foundation. Portions of the paper were written while Blau and Kahn were Visiting Scholars at the Russell Sage Foundation. We are grateful to Olivier Blanchard and Justin Wolfers for making their macroeconomic data set available, and(More)
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