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We have examined the structure and function of Ca2+ channels in excitable endocrine cell types, in rat adrenal glomerulosa cells and in two insulin producing cell types, the rat pancreatic beta cell and the INS-1 cell line. In previous studies on glomerulosa cells, we observed low (T-type) and high threshold (L-type) voltage dependent Ca2+ currents in(More)
Previously we demonstrated the presence of InsP3R-I, -II and -III subtypes in the zona glomerulosa. Now we have examined the expression of different subtypes of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R) in the inner zones of rat adrenal cortex. RNA extracted from decapsulated adrenal tissue (zonae fasciculata-reticularis and the medulla) or from(More)
Fluoxetine, an antidepressant which is used world-wide, is a prominent member of the class of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors. Recently, inhibition of voltage-gated Na(+) and K(+) channels by fluoxetine has also been reported. We examined the effect of fluoxetine on voltage-gated calcium channels using the patch-clamp technique in the whole-cell(More)
The effects of KCl-treatment on the survival and proliferation of NE-4C self-renewing neural progenitor cells were investigated during early phases of in vitro induced neurogenesis. NE-4C cells, derived from the anterior brain vesicles of embryonic mouse (E9), divided continuously under non-inducing conditions, but acquired neuronal features within 6 days,(More)
Chloride channels are important for astrocytic volume regulation and K+ buffering. We demonstrate functional expression of a hyperpolarization-activated Cl- current in a subpopulation of astrocytes in acute slices or after fresh isolation from adult brain of GFAP/EGFP transgenic animals in which astrocytes are selectively labeled. When Na+ and K+ were(More)
The Ca2+ signal induced by an increase in extracellular K+ concentration from 3.6 to 5.6 mM or angiotensin II (ANG II) was inhibited by the dihydropyridine (DHP) Ca2+ channel blocker, nifedipine, and enhanced by the DHP Ca2+ channel agonist, BAY K 8644. The DHP sensitivity of the ANG II-induced Ca2+ response was already detectable during the peak phase,(More)
Cytosolic Ca2+ signals are followed by mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake, which, in turn, modifies several biological processes. Mg2+ is known to inhibit Ca2+ uptake by isolated mitochondria, but its significance in intact cells has not been elucidated. In HEK293T cells, activation of purinergic receptors with extracellular ATP caused cytosolic Ca2+ signals(More)
Cytosolic Ca(2+) signal induces mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake that has far-reaching effect on several cellular functions. We have previously shown in H295R cells that the transfer of cytosolic Ca(2+) signal into mitochondria is attenuated by the simultaneous activation of p38 MAPK and novel-type PKC isoforms (Szanda et al. (2008) [1], Koncz et al. (2009)(More)
The present study was conducted to explore the possible contribution of a recently described leak K+ channel, TASK (TWIK-related acid-sensitive K+ channel), to the high resting K+ conductance of adrenal glomerulosa cells. Northern blot analysis showed the strongest TASK message in adrenal glomerulosa (capsular) tissue among the examined tissues including(More)
Several receptors for neurotransmitters, hormones and growth factors cause accelerated phosphodiesteratic breakdown of polyphosphoinositides when activated. One of the soluble products of this reaction, inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(1,4,5)P3) is thought to act as a second messenger signalling the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores. In support of(More)