András Málnási-Csizmadia

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Blebbistatin is a recently discovered small molecule inhibitor showing high affinity and selectivity toward myosin II. Here we report a detailed investigation of its mechanism of inhibition. Blebbistatin does not compete with nucleotide binding to the skeletal muscle myosin subfragment-1. The inhibitor preferentially binds to the ATPase intermediate with(More)
The fluorescence emission intensity from a conserved tryptophan residue (W501) located in the relay loop (F466 to L516) of the Dicytostelium discoideum myosin II motor domain is sensitive to ATP binding and hydrolysis. The initial binding process is accompanied by a small quench in fluorescence, and this is followed by a large enhancement that appears(More)
When myosin interacts with ATP there is a characteristic enhancement in tryptophan fluorescence which has been widely exploited in kinetic studies. Using Dictyostelium motor domain mutants, we show that W501, located at the end of the relay helix close to the converter region, responds to two independent conformational events on nucleotide binding. First, a(More)
Steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence measurements were performed on a Dictyostelium discoideum myosin II motor domain construct retaining a single tryptophan residue at position 501, located on the relay loop. Other tryptophan residues were mutated to phenylalanine. The Trp-501 residue showed a large enhancement in fluorescence in the presence of ATP(More)
The fluorescence properties of Dictyostelium discoideum (Dd) myosin II constructs containing a single tryptophan residue have revealed detailed information regarding nucleotide binding and hydrolysis steps. Here we extend these studies to investigate the influence of actin on nucleotide-induced fluorescence transients. The fluorescence from native actin(More)
Dictyostelium myosin II motor domain constructs containing a single tryptophan residue near the active sites were prepared in order to characterize the process of nucleotide binding. Tryptophan was introduced at positions 113 and 131, which correspond to those naturally present in vertebrate skeletal muscle myosin, as well as position 129 that is also close(More)
Transient kinetic measurements of the actomyosin ATPase provided the basis of the Lymn-Taylor model for the cross-bridge cycle, which underpins current models of contraction. Following the determination of the structure of the myosin motor domain, it has been possible to introduce probes at defined sites and resolve the steps in more detail. Probes have(More)
Actomyosin powers muscle contraction and various cellular activities, including cell division, differentiation, intracellular transport and sensory functions. Despite their crucial roles, key aspects of force generation have remained elusive. To perform efficient force generation, the powerstroke must occur while myosin is bound to actin. Paradoxically,(More)
It has long been known that binding of actin and binding of nucleotides to myosin are antagonistic, an observation that led to the biochemical basis for the crossbridge cycle of muscle contraction. Thus ATP binding to actomyosin causes actin dissociation, whereas actin binding to the myosin accelerates ADP and phosphate release. Structural studies have(More)
Parts of the PEVK (Pro-Glu-Val-Lys) domain of the skeletal muscle isoform of the giant intrasarcomeric protein titin have been shown to bind F-actin. However, the mechanisms and physiological function of this are poorly understood. To test for actin binding along PEVK, we expressed contiguous N-terminal (PEVKI), middle (PEVKII), and C-terminal (PEVKIII)(More)