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Electrostatic interactions with negatively charged membranes contribute to the subcellular targeting of proteins with polybasic clusters or cationic domains. Although the anionic phospholipid phosphatidylserine is comparatively abundant, its contribution to the surface charge of individual cellular membranes is unknown, partly because of the lack of(More)
The surface potential of biological membranes varies according to their lipid composition. We devised genetically encoded probes to assess surface potential in intact cells. These probes revealed marked, localized alterations in the charge of the inner surface of the plasma membrane of macrophages during the course of phagocytosis. Hydrolysis of(More)
Cortactin regulates the strength of nascent N-cadherin-mediated intercellular adhesions through a tyrosine phosphorylation-dependent mechanism. Currently, the functional significance of cortactin phosphorylation and the kinases responsible for the regulation of adhesion strength are not defined. We show that the nonreceptor tyrosine kinase Fer(More)
Phagocytes generate large amounts of metabolic acid during activation. Therefore, the presence of a conductive pathway capable of H+ extrusion has been suggested (Henderson, L. M., J. B. Chappell, and O. T. G. Jones. 1987. Biochemical Journal. 246:325-329). In this report, electrophysiological and fluorimetric methods were used to probe the existence of a(More)
Myofibroblasts, the culprit of organ fibrosis, can originate from mesenchymal and epithelial precursors through fibroblast-myofibroblast and epithelial-myofibroblast transition (EMyT). Because certain ciliopathies are associated with fibrogenesis, we sought to explore the fate and potential role of the primary cilium during myofibroblast formation. Here we(More)
Plasmodium falciparum is the most lethal form of malaria and is increasing both in incidence and in its resistance to antimalarial agents. An improved understanding of the mechanisms of malarial clearance may facilitate the development of new therapeutic interventions. We postulated that the scavenger receptor CD36, an important factor in cytoadherence of P(More)
During phagocytosis, the phosphoinositide content of the activated membrane decreases sharply, as does the associated surface charge, which attracts polycationic proteins. The cytosolic leaflet of the plasma membrane is enriched in phosphatidylserine (PS); however, a lack of suitable probes has precluded investigation of the fate of this phospholipid during(More)
H+ conductive pathways have been detected in the plasma membranes of a variety of cell types. The large exquisitely H(+)-selective permeability of the conductive pathway can support sizable net H+ fluxes. Although subtle differences exist among tissues and species, certain common features suggest that related transport systems are involved in all cases. The(More)
Hypertonic resuscitation fluids are known to be effective in restoring circulating volume in the hypovolemic trauma patient. Previous studies have suggested that hypertonicity might exert effects on immune cells leading to an altered host response. The present studies evaluated the effect of hypertonic resuscitation on the development of lung injury in a(More)
The role of gelsolin, a calcium-dependent actin-severing protein, in mediating collagen phagocytosis, is not defined. We examined alpha 2 beta 1 integrin-mediated phagocytosis in fibroblasts from wild-type (WT) and gelsolin knockout (Gsn(-)) mice. After initial contact with collagen beads, collagen binding and internalization were 60% lower in Gsn(-) than(More)