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The medial septal diagonal band complex (MS/DB), made up of cholinergic and GABAergic neurons, plays an important role in the generation of the hippocampal theta rhythm. A GABAergic neuron type in the MS/DB that has fast spiking properties was shown previously to contain parvalbumin immunoreactivity and to form axosomatic connections with unidentified(More)
The medial septal diagonal band area (MS/DB), made up of GABAergic and cholinergic neurones, plays an essential role in the generation and modulation of the hippocampal theta rhythm. To understand the part that the cholinergic neurones might play in this activity, we sought to determine whether postsynaptic nicotinic receptor responses can be detected in(More)
In this study, we have established a non-neuronal cell line stably and inducibly expressing recombinant NMDA receptors (NRs) composed of rat NR1a/NR2A subunits. EcR-293 cells were transfected with rat NR1a and NR2A cDNAs using the inducible mammalian expression vector pIND. Cell colonies resistant for the selecting agents were picked and tested for NR2A(More)
Long-term alcohol exposure gives rise to development of physical dependence on alcohol in consequence of changes in certain neurotransmitter functions. Accumulating evidence suggests that the glutamatergic neurotransmitter system, especially the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) type of glutamate receptors is a particularly important site of ethanol's action,(More)
Ionotropic glycine receptors were studied in cultured spinal cord neurons prepared from 17-day-old rat embryos, using whole-cell patch clamp electrophysiology. Glycine receptors of 3-17 days in vitro were characterized via subtype-specific channel blockade by micromolar picrotoxin and cyanotriphenylborate, as well as nanomolar strychnine. Potentiation by(More)
In our previous experiments, severe cellular damages and neuronal cell loss were observed following 24h of alcohol withdrawal in primary cultures of rat cortical neurones pre-treated with ethanol (50-200 mM) repeatedly for 3 days. Increased NMDA induced cytosolic calcium responses and excitotoxicity were also demonstrated in the ethanol pre-treated(More)
An ecdysone-inducible mammalian expression system was used to study expression of recombinant N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. Human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells expressing the regulatory vector pVgRXR (EcR 293 cells) were transfected with rat NR1a and NR2B cDNAs using the inducible vector pIND (Invitrogen). Inducible expression of the NR2B(More)
A novel technology for monitoring the changes of 3,'5'-adenosine cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) in live cells suitable for drug screening relies on the use of cyclic nucleotide-gated channels as biosensors coexpressed with the appropriate target receptor. The technique (termed BD ACTOne) offers measurement of cAMP-dependent calcium influx or membrane(More)
Adrenergic alpha(1), alpha(2) and beta receptors are members of the G-protein-coupled receptor families (GPCRs) mediating physiological responses to adrenaline (epinephrine) and noradrenaline (norepinephrine). Since GPCRs are major targets for potential therapeutic agents, development of robust, reliable and cost effective functional screening methods for(More)