András Balla

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Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3-Ks) are an important emerging class of drug targets, but the unique roles of PI3-K isoforms remain poorly defined. We describe here an approach to pharmacologically interrogate the PI3-K family. A chemically diverse panel of PI3-K inhibitors was synthesized, and their target selectivity was biochemically enumerated, revealing(More)
Phosphoinositides account for only a tiny fraction of cellular phospholipids but are extremely important in the regulation of the recruitment and activity of many signaling proteins in cellular membranes. Phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) 4-kinases generate PtdIns 4-phosphate, the precursor of important regulatory phosphoinositides but also an emerging(More)
The PH domains of OSBP and FAPP1 fused to GFP were used to monitor PI(4)P distribution in COS-7 cells during manipulations of PI 4-kinase (PI4K) activities. Both domains were associated with the Golgi and small cytoplasmic vesicles, and a small fraction of OSBP-PH was found at the plasma membrane (PM). Inhibition of type-III PI4Ks with 10 microM wortmannin(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 4-kinases (PI4K) catalyze the first step in the synthesis of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, an important lipid regulator of several cellular functions. Here we show that the Ca(2+)-binding protein, neuronal calcium sensor-1 (NCS-1), can physically associate with the type III PI4Kbeta with functional consequences affecting the(More)
Phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol (PI) to PI 4-phosphate is one of the key reactions in the production of phosphoinositides, lipid regulators of several cellular functions. This reaction is catalyzed by multiple enzymes that belong either to the type II or the type III family of PI 4-kinases. Type III enzymes are structurally similar to PI 3-kinases(More)
Type III phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) 4-kinases (PI4Ks) have been previously shown to support plasma membrane phosphoinositide synthesis during phospholipase C activation and Ca(2+) signaling. Here, we use biochemical and imaging tools to monitor phosphoinositide changes in the plasma membrane in combination with pharmacological and genetic approaches to(More)
The membrane phospholipid phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P2 or PIP2] regulates many ion channels. There are conflicting reports on the effect of PtdIns(4,5)P2 on transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channels. We show that in excised patches PtdIns(4,5)P2 and other phosphoinositides activate and the PIP2 scavenger poly-Lys(More)
Zachary A. Knight, Beatriz Gonzalez, Morri E. Feldman, Eli R. Zunder, David D. Goldenberg, Olusegun Williams, Robbie Loewith, David Stokoe, Andras Balla, Balazs Toth, Tamas Balla, William A. Weiss, Roger L. Williams, and Kevan M. Shokat* Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Departments of Neurology and(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PtdIns(4,5)P2] is a critically important regulatory phospholipid found in the plasma membrane of all eukaryotic cells. In addition to being a precursor of important second messengers, PtdIns(4,5)P2 also regulates ion channels and transporters and serves the endocytic machinery by recruiting clathrin adaptor proteins.(More)
By constructing DNA probes we have identified and cloned a human PtdIns 4-kinase, PI4K230, corresponding to a mRNA of 7.0 kb. The cDNA encodes a protein of 2044 amino acids. The C-terminal part of ca. 260 amino acids represents the catalytic domain which is highly conserved in all recently cloned PtdIns 4-kinases. N-terminal motifs indicate multiple(More)