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Due to the increasing number of non-travel-associated hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections observed in several industrialised countries including Germany, there is a substantial interest in the characterisation of risk factors and transmission routes relevant to autochthonous HEV infections. Autochthonous cases are believed to be the result of a zoonotic HEV(More)
Bovine enteroviruses are currently classified into two serotypes within the species Bovine enterovirus (BEV). Comparison of the sequences of six American and eleven German BEV isolates with published BEV sequences revealed the necessity to revise the taxonomy of these viruses. Molecular data indicate that the bovine enteroviruses are composed of two(More)
An increase in acute autochthonous hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections has been recorded in Germany. These are suspected to be zoonotically transmitted from wild boar, deer and domestic pig. The latter may represent a major reservoir for HEV. In this study, 537 sera from humans living in Westphalia and Lower Saxony, representing areas of high pig density in(More)
In the present study, antibody response to seasonal influenza vaccination and to the adjuvanted one-shot influenza A H1N1 vaccine (Pandemrix®) was investigated in 57 hemodialysis (HD) patients and 48 renal transplant (RT) recipients. Specific antibodies were measured by hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test using a pandemic H1N1 strain and a seasonal H3N2(More)
The risk of zoonotic human infection caused by European porcine influenza virus strains was estimated in German regions with a high pig density. Sera from 622 healthy volunteers were collected between April 2009 and November 2011, mainly in Westphalia and western Lower Saxony. These included 362 subjects with occupational contact to pigs and 260 blood(More)
infections with pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus have been reported in pigs, turkeys, and some carnivore species (4,5). The pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus can be experimentally transmitted between pigs (6). The reported transmissibility of the virus raises the question as to whether authorized swine influenza vaccine strains may be cross-reactive to pandemic (H1N1)(More)
biologic results. Since both strains were identified as L. pneumophila serogroup 1, we performed sequence-based typing (SBT) (3) of 6 genes (flaA, pilE, asd, mip, mompS, and proA) by using the protocol and database of EWGLINET. Both isolates showed identical SBT patterns (2,3,18,15,2,1). Isolates from 4 patients in the Zaragoza outbreak were identified at(More)
The emergence of new influenza viruses like the pandemic H1N1 influenza A virus in 2009 (A(H1N1)pdm09) with unpredictable difficulties in vaccine coverage and established antiviral treatment protocols emphasizes the need of new murine models to prove the activity of novel antiviral compounds in vivo. The aim of the present study was to develop a small-scale(More)
Since hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection during childhood is mostly asymptomatic, only seroprevalence studies can provide reliable information on incidence of HAV infection in children. The prevalence of anti-HAV antibodies was determined in sera taken in 2008 to 2010 from 1,645 children aged 0–17 years and in sera taken in 2010–2011 from 400 adult blood(More)
Secondary infections with Streptococcus pneumoniae cause severe pneumonia and enhance lethality during influenza epidemics and pandemics. Structural and functional similarities with viral neuraminidase (NA) suggest that the highly prevalent pneumococcal NAs, NanA and NanB, might contribute to this lethal synergism by supporting viral replication and that(More)